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Carbon Black
Response
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Carbon Black: All Results Tactic Page Information

The ATT&CK All Results page displays the procedures, tested techniques, and detection results for all steps in an evaluation. The Procedure column contains a description of how the technique in the corresponding technique column was tested. The Step column is where in the operational flow the procedure occurred. Click the Step Number to view it in the Operational Flow panel. Detections are classified by one or more Detection Types, summarized by the Detection Notes, and may be supported by Screenshots. The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

MITRE does not assign scores, rankings, or ratings. The evaluation results are available to the public, so other organizations may provide their own analysis and interpretation - these are not endorsed or validated by MITRE.

Vendor Configuration         JSON     Legend
Legend
Main Detection Categories: Detection Modifiers:

None

Telemetry

Indicator of Compromise

General Behavior

Specific Behavior

Enrichment

Tainted

Delayed

Configuration Change
Step
Procedures
Technique
Detection Type Detection Notes
1.A.1
Legitimate user Debbie clicked and executed malicious self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) on 10.0.1.6 (Nimda)
User Execution
(T1204)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed Resume Viewer.exe running along with its children. [1] [2]
General Behavior
A General Behavior alert was generated indicating that the user Debbie executed Resume Viewer.exe. This alert had a severity score of 51/100 and was based upon "Newly Executed Applications". [1] [2]
Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) launched a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32
Rundll32
(T1085)
Enrichment
The capability enriched the rundll32.exe execution with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1085, which corresponds to the Rundll32 Technique). [1] [2]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed the Resume Viewer.exe execution sequence and rundll32.exe executing. [1] [2]
Previously executed self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) launched an embedded batch file (pdfhelper.cmd)
Scripting
(T1064)
Enrichment
The capability enriched the cmd.exe execution with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1064 - Scripting). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing the pdfhelper.cmd script. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
1.B.1
Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) moved a separate batch file (autoupdate.bat) to the Startup folder
Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder
(T1060)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed filemods indicating the creation and file write of autoupdate.bat to the Startup folder. [1] [2] [3]
Enrichment
The capability enriched cmd.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1060 - Registry Run Keys/Start Folder). [1] [2] [3]
1.C.1
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using port 53
Commonly Used Port
(T1043)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a network connection over UDP port 53. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using DNS traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com
Standard Application Layer Protocol
(T1071)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3]
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using both NetBIOS and base64 encoding
Data Encoding
(T1132)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
2.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig -all' via cmd
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Enrichment
The capability enriched ipconfig.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1016 - System Network Configuration Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
2.A.2
Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Enrichment
The capability enriched arp.exe with a related ATT&CK Technique (T1018 - Remote System Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing arp.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
2.B.1
Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing echo with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
2.C.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
Process Discovery
(T1057)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
2.C.2
Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist -v' via cmd
Process Discovery
(T1057)
Enrichment
The capability enriched tasklist.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1057 - Process Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing tasklist.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
2.D.1
Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Enrichment
The capability enriched sc.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing sc.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
2.D.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
2.E.1
Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing systeminfo.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Enrichment
The capability enriched systeminfo.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Information Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4]
2.E.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Information Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
2.F.1
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery) as well as the tag Administrator Enumeration. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
2.F.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators -domain' via cmd
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery) as well as the tag Administrator Enumeration. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
2.F.3
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" -domain' via cmd
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery) as well as the tag Administrator Enumeration. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
2.G.1
Cobalt Strike: 'net user -domain' via cmd
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
2.G.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net user george -domain' via cmd
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
2.H.1
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key
Query Registry
(T1012)
Enrichment
The capability enriched reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1012 - Query Registry). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
3.A.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to elevate process integrity level
Bypass User Account Control
(T1088)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to modify current process token
Access Token Manipulation
(T1134)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed svchost.exe, with the seclogon command-line argument, performing activity related to token manipulation. [1] [2] [3] [4]
3.B.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
Process Discovery
(T1057)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
3.C.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in process injection capability executed to inject callback into cmd.exe
Process Injection
(T1055)
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated that was mapped to correct ATT&CK Technique (Process Injection). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed "crossproc" events indicative of Process Injection into cmd.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
4.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" -domain' via cmd
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with a related ATT&CK technique (Account Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
4.A.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" -domain' via cmd
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with a related ATT&CK technique (Account Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
4.B.1
Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Enrichment
The capability enriched netsh.exe with a related ATT&CK technique (T1063 - Security Software Discovery) and a tag for Potential Windows Firewall Rule Recon. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing netsh.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
4.C.1
Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Enrichment
The capability enriched netstat.exe with the correct ATT&CK technique (System Network Connections Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing netstat.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
5.A.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in Mimikatz credential dump capability executed
Credential Dumping
(T1003)
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated showing the correct ATT&CK Technique (Credential Dumping). [1] [2] [3]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed an open handle to a thread into lsass.exe, which is indicative of process injection for credential dumping. [1] [2] [3]
Cobalt Strike: Credential dump capability involved process injection into lsass
Process Injection
(T1055)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed an open handle to a thread into lsass.exe, which is indicative of process injection. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
5.A.2
Cobalt Strike: Built-in hash dump capability executed
Credential Dumping
(T1003)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed an open handle to a thread into lsass.exe, which is indicative of process injection for credential dumping. [1] [2] [3]
Cobalt Strike: Hash dump capability involved process injection into lsass.exe
Process Injection
(T1055)
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated showing the correct ATT&CK Technique (Credential Dumping). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a new thread and open handle into lsass.exe, which is indicative of process injection for credential dumping. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
5.B.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in token theft capability executed to change user context to George
Access Token Manipulation
(T1134)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a change in user execution context from Debbie to George between parent and child processes, which is indicative of token manipulation. [1] [2] [3] [4]
6.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Query Registry
(T1012)
Enrichment
The capability enriched reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1012 - Query Registry). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
6.B.1
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to use port 80
Commonly Used Port
(T1043)
Enrichment
The capability enriched the network connections from rundll32.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1043 - Commonly Used Port). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed network connections over TCP port 80 to 192.168.0.4 (C2 server). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to use HTTP traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com
Standard Application Layer Protocol
(T1071)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed network connections over TCP port 80 as well as a modload showing winhttp.dll was loaded, which an analyst could use to determine HTTP was used. [1] [2] [3]
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to split communications between both HTTP and DNS
Multiband Communication
(T1026)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed separate network connections over port TCP port 80 and UDP port 53, which could indicate multiband communication. [1] [2]
6.C.1
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to proxy RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Remote Desktop Protocol
(T1076)
Enrichment
The capability enriched the rdpclip.exe events with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Remote Desktop Protocol). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a connection to 10.0.0.5 (Conficker) over TCP port 3389 as well as rdpclip.exe executing. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
7.A.1
Added user Jesse to Conficker (10.0.0.5) through RDP connection
Create Account
(T1136)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed Registry modification events related to the creation of the user account Jesse. [1] [2]
Enrichment (Configuration Change)
The capability enriched lsass.exe with the tag "Create Accounts using GUI". [CB1] The enrichment was added as a configuration change during the action and was not part of the original set of detections when the evaluation started. [1] [2]
Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility used to add new user through RDP connection
Graphical User Interface
(T1061)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of mmc.exe, the Microsoft Management Console, spawning the GUI-based lusrmgr.msc (Local Users and Groups snap-in). [1]
Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility displayed user account information
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of mmc.exe, the Microsoft Management Console, spawning the lusrmgr.msc (Local Users and Groups snap-in) which displays local account information. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
7.B.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in upload capability executed to write a DLL payload (updater.dll) to disk on Nimda (10.0.1.6)
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed file modification events indicating updater.dll being created and written to disk. [1] [2] [3] [4]
7.C.1
Cobalt Strike: 'schtasks' via cmd to create scheduled task that executes a DLL payload (updater.dll)
Scheduled Task
(T1053)
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated mapped to the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1053 - Scheduled Task). [1] [2] [3] [4]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the process tree containing schtasks.exe as well as the full command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
8.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'dir -s -b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing dir with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Enrichment
The capability enriched cmd.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1083 - File and Directory Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4]
8.A.2
Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tree.com with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Enrichment
The capability enriched tree.com with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1083 - File and Directory Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4]
8.B.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
Process Discovery
(T1057)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
8.C.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in keylogging capability executed to capture keystrokes of user Debbie
Input Capture
(T1056)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.[CB2] The vendor indicated that CB Defense sees applicable API calls, but that product was not included in the evaluation. [1] [2]
Cobalt Strike: Keylogging capability included residual enumeration of application windows
Application Window Discovery
(T1010)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
8.D.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in screen capture capability executed to capture screenshot of current window of user Debbie
Screen Capture
(T1113)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though modloads showed the thumbnail com object masquerading followed by a modload of dwmapi.dll (Microsoft Desktop Windows Manager API) and then a crossprocess (open process) to the target application, which could be indicative of screen capture behavior. [1]
Cobalt Strike: Screen capture capability involved process injection into explorer.exe
Process Injection
(T1055)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a cross-process "open handle" event into explorer.exe, which could be indicative of process injection. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
9.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
9.B.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in download capability executed to a collect file (Shockwave_rackb_diagram.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Data from Network Shared Drive
(T1039)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: Download capability exfiltrated data through existing C2 channel
Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel
(T1041)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
10.A.1
Batch file (autoupdate.bat) previously written to Startup folder executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32
Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder
(T1060)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed cmd.exe executing autoupdate.bat from the Startup folder. [1] [2] [3]
10.A.2
Scheduled task executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (updater.dll) using Rundll32
Scheduled Task
(T1053)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed rundll32.exe executing updater.dll with a parent of svchost.exe running with command-line arguments "-k netsvcs -p -s Schedule". [1] [2] [3] [4]
10.B.1
RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5) authenticated using previously added user Jesse
Valid Accounts
(T1078)
Enrichment
The capability enriched rdpclip.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Remote Desktop Protocol). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed rdpclip.exe execution by the user Jesse on the destination system of the RDP connection. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
RDP connection made to Conficker (10.0.0.5) as part of execution of persistence mechanism
Remote Desktop Protocol
(T1076)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed rdpclip.exe execution by the user Jesse on the destination system of the RDP connection. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
Enrichment
The capability enriched rdpclip.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Remote Desktop Protocol). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
11.A.1
Legitimate user Bob clicked and executed malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed)
Scripting
(T1064)
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior Alert was generated indicating that powershell.exe was a suspicious child process of wscript.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Telemetry
Telemetry of a process tree showed powershell.exe execution, including full command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated indicating that powershell.exe was executed with encoded command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Enrichment
The capability enriched wscript.exe and powershell.exe with the correct ATT&CK Techniques (T1063 - Scripting, T1086 - Powershell). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
11.B.1
Empire: C2 channel established using port 443
Commonly Used Port
(T1043)
Enrichment
The capability enriched backgroundtaskhost.exe and powershell.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1043 - Commonly Used Port). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed network connections, including over TCP port 443 to www.freegoogleadsenseinfo.com (C2 domain). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Empire: C2 channel established using HTTPS traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com
Standard Application Layer Protocol
(T1071)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed modload events importing dynamic libraries usually used for HTTP and SSL communication (e.g. winhttp.dll), followed by a CRL check to a CA, indicating that HTTPS was likely used. [1] [2] [3]
Empire: Encrypted C2 channel established using HTTPS
Standard Cryptographic Protocol
(T1032)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed modload events importing dynamic libraries usually used for HTTP and SSL communication (e.g. winhttp.dll), followed by a CRL check to a CA, indicating that HTTPS was likely used. [1]
12.A.1
Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed powershell.exe executing route.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
12.A.2
Empire: 'ipconfig -all' via PowerShell
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Enrichment
The capability enriched ipconfig.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1049 - System Network Configuration Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed powershell.exe executing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
12.B.1
Empire: 'whoami -all -fo list' via PowerShell
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Enrichment
The capability enriched whoami.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1033 - System Owner/User Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed powershell.exe executing whoami.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
12.C.1
Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell
Process Discovery
(T1057)
Enrichment
The capability enriched qprocess.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Process Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed powershell.exe executing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
12.D.1
Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
12.E.1
Empire: Built-in WinEnum module executed to programmatically execute a series of enumeration techniques
Scripting
(T1064)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed process execution of powershell.exe. The powershell.exe process loaded several non-default dynamically loaded libraries that may indicate the functionality may be used by the PowerShell script. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
12.E.1.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
12.E.1.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
12.E.1.3
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information
Password Policy Discovery
(T1201)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.4.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
12.E.1.4.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
12.E.1.5
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of clipboard contents
Clipboard Data
(T1115)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.6.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
12.E.1.6.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
12.E.1.7
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query
Query Registry
(T1012)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
12.E.1.8
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
12.E.1.9.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares
Network Share Discovery
(T1135)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.9.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives
Network Share Discovery
(T1135)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.10.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions
Security Software Discovery
(T1063)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.10.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules
Security Software Discovery
(T1063)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.11
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
12.E.1.12
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed netstat.exe executing with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Enrichment
The capability enriched netstat.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
12.F.1
Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" -domain' via PowerShell
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1069 - Permission Groups Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
12.F.2
Empire: 'net�localgroup�administrators' via PowerShell
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1069 - Permission Groups Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
12.G.1
Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with a related ATT&CK Technique (T1069 - Permission Groups Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
12.G.2
Empire: 'net user -domain' via PowerShell
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with a related ATT&CK Technique (T1069 - Permission Groups Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
13.A.1
Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" -domain' via PowerShell
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with a related ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
13.B.1
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Telemetry
The vendor demonstrated to MITRE that the capability can provide telemetry of net.exe, but no screenshot was captured for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe with a related ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
13.B.2
Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Enrichment
The capability enriched net.exe data with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1049 - System Network Connections Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing netstat.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
13.C.1
Empire:�'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
Query Registry
(T1012)
Enrichment
The capability enriched reg.exe data with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Query Registry). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing reg.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
14.A.1
Empire: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication module executed to launch new callback with elevated process integrity level
Bypass User Account Control
(T1088)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded and wrote a new Empire stager (wdbypass) to disk
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
Telemetry
The vendor demonstrated to MITRE that the capability can provide telemetry of network connections and file modifications indicating a Remote File Copy, but no screenshot was captured for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded a new Empire stager (wdbypass) over HTTP
Standard Application Layer Protocol
(T1071)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3]
Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded a new Empire stager (wdbypass) over port 8080
Commonly Used Port
(T1043)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed network connection to 192.168.0.5 (C2 server) over TCP port 8080. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
15.A.1
Empire: Built-in keylogging module executed to capture keystrokes of user Bob
Input Capture
(T1056)
Enrichment
The capability enriched the events with a tag titled "PowerShell Input Capture -keylogger" based on known modloads that could be potentially abused to provide keylogger functionality. [1] [2]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed modloads associated with the execution of a keylogger. [1] [2]
Empire: Built-in keylogging module included residual enumeration of application windows
Application Window Discovery
(T1010)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
15.B.1
Empire: 'get-content' via PowerShell to collect sensitive file (it_tasks.txt) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Credentials in Files
(T1081)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
16.A.1
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to brute force password spraying authentication attempts to Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6) targeting credentials of users�Kmitnick, Bob, and Frieda
Brute Force
(T1110)
Enrichment (Configuration Change)
The capability enriched individual net.exe events with tagging titled "Credential Access using Admin Shares - Failed Attempts". [CB8] The capability was modified after the start of the evaluation enabling enrichment to appear, so the detection is identified as a configuration change. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing repeated logon attempts via net.exe and command-line arguments indicative of password spraying. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Empire: Brute force password spraying attempts targeted Windows admin shares on Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6)
Windows Admin Shares
(T1077)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing repeated logon attempts via net.exe targeting ADMIN$. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Specific Behavior
Specific Behavior alerts titled "Windows Admin Shares - Lateral Movement" were generated for credential accesses specifically targeting admin shares. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
16.B.1
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick
Valid Accounts
(T1078)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing a successful logon via net.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin share on Conficker (10.0.0.5)�
Windows Admin Shares
(T1077)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing repeated logon attempts via net.exe targeting ADMIN$, eventually resulting in a successful logon. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Specific Behavior
Specific Behavior alerts were generated mapped to the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1077 - Windows Admin Shares) and Tactic (Lateral Movement) for successful logons. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Empire: Successful authentication to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick as a result of the brute force password spraying
Brute Force
(T1110)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing repeated logon attempts via net.exe and command-line arguments indicative of password spraying, eventually resulting in a successful logon. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Enrichment (Configuration Change)
The capability enriched individual net.exe events with tagging titled "Credential Access using Admin Shares - Failed Attempts" for failures as well as a related ATT&CK Technique (T1077 - Windows Admin Shares) and Tactic (Lateral Movement) for successful logons. [CB8] The capability was modified after the start of the evaluation enabling enrichment to appear, so the detection is identified as a configuration change. [1] [2] [3] [4]
16.C.1
Empire: 'net use -delete' via PowerShell
Network Share Connection Removal
(T1126)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing net.exe and command-line arguments. [1] [2]
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated indicating that a connected network share was removed. [1] [2]
16.D.1
Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin shares on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Windows Admin Shares
(T1077)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing a logon attempt via net.exe and command-line arguments  targeting C$ using valid account credentials. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Specific Behavior
Specific Behavior alerts were generated mapped to the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1077 - Windows Admin Shares) and Tactic (Lateral Movement) for successful logons. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Creeper (10.0.0.4) using credentials of user Kmitnick
Valid Accounts
(T1078)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing a logon attempt via net.exe and command-line arguments using valid account credentials. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
16.E.1
Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed filemods showing the creation and writing to autoupdate.vbs. [1] [2] [3] [4]
16.F.1
Empire: Built-in runas module executed to launch malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) as user Kmitnick�
Command-Line Interface
(T1059)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree with cmd.exe execution and associated user context change. [1] [2] [3]
Enrichment
The capability enriched cmd.exe event data with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1059 - Command-Line Interface). [1] [2] [3]
16.G.1
Empire: Built-in move capability executed to write malicious VBScript (update.vbs) to disk on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed filemods showing the creation and writing to update.vbs on remote host 10.0.0.4 (Creeper). [1] [2] [3] [4]
16.H.1
Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed execution of sc.exe with command-line arguments to remotely query services on Creeper. Telemetry also showed module loads and a network connection to Creeper (10.0.0.4). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
Enrichment
The capability enriched the sc.exe execution with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
16.I.1
Empire: 'sc create' via PowerShell to remotely create a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
New Service
(T1050)
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated for sc.exe execution to create the AdobeUpdater service with the correct ATT&CK Technique (New Service). [1] [2]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed execution of sc.exe with command-line arguments to create a new AdobeUpdater service containing a binPath pointed to cmd.exe with arguments to execute update.vbs. [1] [2]
Empire: 'sc description' via PowerShell to remotely disguise a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
Masquerading
(T1036)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process trees showed execution of sc.exe with command-line arguments to create the AdobeUpdater service with binPath pointed to cmd.exe with arguments to execute update.vbs and a suspicious service description, which indicates masquerading. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
16.J.1
Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Enrichment
The capability enriched sc.exe execution with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed execution of sc.exe with command-line arguments to query the AdobeUpdater service on Creeper. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
16.K.1
Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
16.L.1
Empire: 'sc start' via PowerShell to remotely launch a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
Service Execution
(T1035)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed execution of sc.exe with command-line arguments to start the AdobeUpdater service on Creeper. [1]
17.A.1
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed reg.exe executing with command-line arguments to check if terminal services were enabled. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
Query Registry
(T1012)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed reg.exe executing with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Enrichment
The capability enriched reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1012 - Query Registry). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
17.B.1
Empire: 'takeown' via PowerShell to obtain ownership of magnify.exe
File and Directory Permissions Modification
(T1222)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed execution of takeown.exe with command-line arguments on magnify.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Enrichment (Configuration Change)
The capability enriched the execution of takeown.exe with "Permission modifications".[CB1] The enrichment was added as a configuration change during the action and was not part of the original set of detections when the evaluation started. [1] [2] [3] [4]
17.B.2
Empire: 'icacls' via PowerShell to modify the DACL for magnify.exe
File and Directory Permissions Modification
(T1222)
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed execution of icacls.exe with command-line arguments on magnify.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Enrichment (Configuration Change)
The capability enriched the execution of icacls.exe with "Permission modifications".[CB1] The enrichment was added as a configuration change during the action and was not part of the original set of detections when the evaluation started. [1] [2] [3] [4]
17.C.1
Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell to overwrite magnify.exe with cmd.exe
Accessibility Features
(T1015)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed filemod events overwriting magnify.exe in the system directory. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated for powershell.exe with a severity score of 51/100 when magnify.exe was replaced. The alert was also mapped to the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1015 - Accessibility Features). [1] [2] [3] [4]
18.A.1
Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
18.B.1
Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell staged a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5) in the Recycle Bin (C:\$Recycle.Bin) on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)
Data Staged
(T1074)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed filemod events for the creation and write the .vsdx in the Recycle Bin. [1] [2]
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated with a severity score of 60/100 and was correctly mapped to correct ATT&CK Technique (T1074 - Data Staged). [1] [2]
Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell collected a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Data from Network Shared Drive
(T1039)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.[CB90] Telemetry was available for the write file of the .vsdx file into the Recycle Bin, but no data was available that indicated it came from a network shared drive.
19.A.1
Empire: File dropped to disk is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary
Masquerading
(T1036)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the creation of recycler.exe. Binary metadata on recycler.exe indicated it was masquerading and had a digital signature and file metadata that matched the WinRAR utility. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write binary (recycler.exe) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the creation of recycler.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4]
19.B.1
Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created compressed archive (old.rar) of previously collected file
Data Compressed
(T1002)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the execution of recycler.exe with command-line arguments indicating it was WinRAR and file compression and encryption was used to create an encrypted archive. Telemetry also showed the creation of old.rar as the output of recycler.exe running. [1] [2] [3]
Enrichment
The capability enriched recycler.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (1002 - Data Compressed). [1] [2] [3]
Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created encrypted archive (old.rar) of previously collected file
Data Encrypted
(T1022)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the execution of recycler.exe with command-line arguments indicating it was WinRAR and file compression and encryption was used to create an encrypted archive. [1] [2]
Enrichment
The capability enriched recycler.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (1022 - Data Encrypted). [1] [2]
Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary
Masquerading
(T1036)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the execution of recycler.exe with command-line arguments indicating it was WinRAR and file compression and encryption was used to create an encrypted archive. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated on execution of recycler.exe indicating it was WinRAR and was masquerading as a renamed process. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
19.C.1
Empire: Sequence of 'echo' commands via PowerShell to populate commands in text file (ftp.txt), which is then executed by FTP to exfil data through network connection separate of existing C2 channel
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol
(T1048)
Enrichment
The capability enriched ftp.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Exfil Over Alternate Protocol). [1] [2]
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree for ftp.exe being executed with command-line arguments including ftp.txt. [1] [2]
19.D.1
Empire: 'del C:\"$"Recycle.bin\old.rar'
File Deletion
(T1107)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the deletion of old.rar. [1] [2]
19.D.2
Empire: 'del recycler.exe'
File Deletion
(T1107)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the deletion of recycler.exe. [1] [2]
20.A.1
magnifer.exe previously overwritten by cmd.exe launched through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)
Accessibility Features
(T1015)
General Behavior
A General Behavior alert was generated named "Execution of cmd from non-standard path" with a 60/100 severity score. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Specific Behavior
A Specific Behavior alert was generated on execution of magnify.exe named "Suspicious screen magnifier process" with a 76/100 severity score. [1] [2] [3] [4]
General Behavior
A General Behavior alert was generated named "Suspicious renamed cmd process" with a 72/100 severity score. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree that showed magnify.exe executing from utilman.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4]
RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4) as part of execution of persistence mechanism
Remote Desktop Protocol
(T1076)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
20.B.1
Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Enrichment
The capability enriched whoami.exe with the correct ATT&CK Technique (T1033 - System Owner/User Discovery). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
Telemetry
Telemetry within the process tree showed magnify.exe executing whoami.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]







Operational Flow The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

Step 1: Initial Compromise

1.A.1 Execution

User Execution

i. Legitimate user Debbie clicked and executed malicious self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) on 10.0.1.6 (Nimda)

1.A.1 Execution

Rundll32

i. Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) launched a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32

1.A.1 Execution

Scripting

i. Previously executed self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) launched an embedded batch file (pdfhelper.cmd)

1.B.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) moved a separate batch file (autoupdate.bat) to the Startup folder

1.C.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using port 53

1.C.1 Command and Control

Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using DNS traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com

1.C.1 Command and Control

Data Encoding

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using both NetBIOS and base64 encoding

Step 2: Initial Discover

2.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig -all' via cmd

2.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd

2.B.1 Discovery

System Owner/User Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables

2.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

2.C.2 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist -v' via cmd

2.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd

2.D.2 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd

2.E.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd

2.E.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd

2.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd

2.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators -domain' via cmd

2.F.3 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" -domain' via cmd

2.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user -domain' via cmd

2.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user george -domain' via cmd

2.H.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 3: Privilege Escalation

3.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Bypass User Account Control

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to elevate process integrity level

3.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to modify current process token

3.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

3.C.1 Privilege Escalation

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in process injection capability executed to inject callback into cmd.exe

Step 4: Discovery for Lateral Movement

4.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" -domain' via cmd

4.A.2 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" -domain' via cmd

4.B.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd

4.C.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd

Step 5: Credential Access

5.A.1 Credential Access

Credential Dumping

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in Mimikatz credential dump capability executed

5.A.1 Credential Access

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Credential dump capability involved process injection into lsass

5.A.2 Credential Access

Credential Dumping

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in hash dump capability executed

5.A.2 Credential Access

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Hash dump capability involved process injection into lsass.exe

5.B.1 Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in token theft capability executed to change user context to George

Step 6: Lateral Movement

6.A.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

6.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to use port 80

6.B.1 Command and Control

Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to use HTTP traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com

6.B.1 Command and Control

Multiband Communication

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to split communications between both HTTP and DNS

6.C.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to proxy RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 7: Persistence

7.A.1 Persistence

Create Account

i. Added user Jesse to Conficker (10.0.0.5) through RDP connection

7.A.1 Persistence

Graphical User Interface

i. Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility used to add new user through RDP connection

7.A.1 Persistence

Account Discovery

i. Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility displayed user account information

7.B.1 Command and Control

Remote File Copy

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in upload capability executed to write a DLL payload (updater.dll) to disk on Nimda (10.0.1.6)

7.C.1 Persistence

Scheduled Task

i. Cobalt Strike: 'schtasks' via cmd to create scheduled task that executes a DLL payload (updater.dll)

Step 8: Collection

8.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'dir -s -b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd

8.A.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd

8.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

8.C.1 Collection

Input Capture

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in keylogging capability executed to capture keystrokes of user Debbie

8.C.1 Collection

Application Window Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: Keylogging capability included residual enumeration of application windows

8.D.1 Collection

Screen Capture

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in screen capture capability executed to capture screenshot of current window of user Debbie

8.D.1 Collection

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Screen capture capability involved process injection into explorer.exe

Step 9: Exfiltration

9.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

9.B.1 Exfiltration

Data from Network Shared Drive

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in download capability executed to a collect file (Shockwave_rackb_diagram.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

9.B.1 Exfiltration

Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel

i. Cobalt Strike: Download capability exfiltrated data through existing C2 channel

Step 10: Execution of Persistence

10.A.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Batch file (autoupdate.bat) previously written to Startup folder executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32

10.A.2 Persistence

Scheduled Task

i. Scheduled task executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (updater.dll) using Rundll32

10.B.1 Persistence

Valid Accounts

i. RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5) authenticated using previously added user Jesse

10.B.1 Persistence

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. RDP connection made to Conficker (10.0.0.5) as part of execution of persistence mechanism

Step 11: Initial Access

11.A.1 Execution

Scripting

i. Legitimate user Bob clicked and executed malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed)

11.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port

i. Empire: C2 channel established using port 443

11.B.1 Command and Control

Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Empire: C2 channel established using HTTPS traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com

11.B.1 Command and Control

Standard Cryptographic Protocol

i. Empire: Encrypted C2 channel established using HTTPS

Step 12: Initial Discover

12.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell

12.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'ipconfig -all' via PowerShell

12.B.1 Discovery

System Owner/User Discovery

i. Empire: 'whoami -all -fo list' via PowerShell

12.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell

12.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell

12.E.1 Discovery

Scripting

i. Empire: Built-in WinEnum module executed to programmatically execute a series of enumeration techniques

12.E.1.1 Discovery

System Owner/User Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information

12.E.1.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships

12.E.1.3 Discovery

Password Policy Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information

12.E.1.4.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files

12.E.1.4.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files

12.E.1.5 Discovery

Clipboard Data

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of clipboard contents

12.E.1.6.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information

12.E.1.6.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information

12.E.1.7 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query

12.E.1.8 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services

12.E.1.9.1 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares

12.E.1.9.2 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives

12.E.1.10.1 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions

12.E.1.10.2 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules

12.E.1.11 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters

12.E.1.12 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections

12.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" -domain' via PowerShell

12.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net�localgroup�administrators' via PowerShell

12.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell

12.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user -domain' via PowerShell

Step 13: Discovery for Lateral Movement

13.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" -domain' via PowerShell

13.B.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell

13.B.2 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell

13.C.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire:�'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 14: Privilege Escalation

14.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Bypass User Account Control

i. Empire: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication module executed to launch new callback with elevated process integrity level

14.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded and wrote a new Empire stager (wdbypass) to disk

14.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded a new Empire stager (wdbypass) over HTTP

14.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Commonly Used Port

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded a new Empire stager (wdbypass) over port 8080

Step 15: Credential Access

15.A.1 Credential Access

Input Capture

i. Empire: Built-in keylogging module executed to capture keystrokes of user Bob

15.A.1 Credential Access

Application Window Discovery

i. Empire: Built-in keylogging module included residual enumeration of application windows

15.B.1 Credential Access

Credentials in Files

i. Empire: 'get-content' via PowerShell to collect sensitive file (it_tasks.txt) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 16: Lateral Movement

16.A.1 Credential Access

Brute Force

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to brute force password spraying authentication attempts to Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6) targeting credentials of users�Kmitnick, Bob, and Frieda

16.A.1 Credential Access

Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: Brute force password spraying attempts targeted Windows admin shares on Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6)

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Valid Accounts

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin share on Conficker (10.0.0.5)�

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Brute Force

i. Empire: Successful authentication to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick as a result of the brute force password spraying

16.C.1 Defense Evasion

Network Share Connection Removal

i. Empire: 'net use -delete' via PowerShell

16.D.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin shares on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

16.D.1 Lateral Movement

Valid Accounts

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Creeper (10.0.0.4) using credentials of user Kmitnick

16.E.1 Command and Control

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

16.F.1 Execution

Command-Line Interface

i. Empire: Built-in runas module executed to launch malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) as user Kmitnick�

16.G.1 Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in move capability executed to write malicious VBScript (update.vbs) to disk on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.H.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.I.1 Privilege Escalation

New Service

i. Empire: 'sc create' via PowerShell to remotely create a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.I.1 Privilege Escalation

Masquerading

i. Empire: 'sc description' via PowerShell to remotely disguise a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.J.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.K.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.L.1 Execution

Service Execution

i. Empire: 'sc start' via PowerShell to remotely launch a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

Step 17: Persistence

17.A.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services

17.A.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key

17.B.1 Persistence

File and Directory Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'takeown' via PowerShell to obtain ownership of magnify.exe

17.B.2 Persistence

File and Directory Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'icacls' via PowerShell to modify the DACL for magnify.exe

17.C.1 Persistence

Accessibility Features

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell to overwrite magnify.exe with cmd.exe

Step 18: Collection

18.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

18.B.1 Collection

Data Staged

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell staged a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5) in the Recycle Bin (C:\$Recycle.Bin) on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

18.B.1 Collection

Data from Network Shared Drive

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell collected a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 19: Exfiltration

19.A.1 Command and Control

Masquerading

i. Empire: File dropped to disk is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary

19.A.1 Command and Control

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write binary (recycler.exe) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

19.B.1 Defense Evasion

Data Compressed

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created compressed archive (old.rar) of previously collected file

19.B.1 Defense Evasion

Data Encrypted

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created encrypted archive (old.rar) of previously collected file

19.B.1 Exfiltration

Masquerading

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary

19.C.1 Defense Evasion

Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol

i. Empire: Sequence of 'echo' commands via PowerShell to populate commands in text file (ftp.txt), which is then executed by FTP to exfil data through network connection separate of existing C2 channel

19.D.1 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del C:\"$"Recycle.bin\old.rar'

19.D.2 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del recycler.exe'

Step 20: Execution of Persistence

20.A.1 Persistence

Accessibility Features

i. magnifer.exe previously overwritten by cmd.exe launched through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)

20.A.1 Persistence

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4) as part of execution of persistence mechanism

20.B.1 Execution

System Owner/User Discovery

i. Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)