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RSA: All Results Tactic Page Information

The ATT&CK All Results page displays the procedures, tested techniques, and detection results for all steps in an evaluation. The Procedure column contains a description of how the technique in the corresponding technique column was tested. The Step column is where in the operational flow the procedure occurred. Click the Step Number to view it in the Operational Flow panel. Detections are classified by one or more Detection Types, summarized by the Detection Notes, and may be supported by Screenshots. The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

MITRE does not assign scores, rankings, or ratings. The evaluation results are available to the public, so other organizations may provide their own analysis and interpretation - these are not endorsed or validated by MITRE.

Vendor Configuration         JSON     Legend
Legend
Main Detection Categories: Detection Modifiers:

None

Telemetry

Indicator of Compromise

General Behavior

Specific Behavior

Enrichment

Tainted

Delayed

Configuration Change
Step
Procedures
Technique
Detection Type Detection Notes
1.A.1
Legitimate user Debbie clicked and executed malicious self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) on 10.0.1.6 (Nimda)
User Execution
(T1204)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of Resume Viewer.exe. [1]
Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) launched a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32
Rundll32
(T1085)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe launching rundll32.exe. [1]
Previously executed self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) launched an embedded batch file (pdfhelper.cmd)
Scripting
(T1064)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though telemetry showed the execution sequence of Resume Viewer.exe executing cmd.exe, which executed rundll32.exe (the pdfhelper.cmd script was not shown). [1] [2] [3]
1.B.1
Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) moved a separate batch file (autoupdate.bat) to the Startup folder
Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder
(T1060)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a cmd.exe "rename to executable" event for autoupdate.bat in the Startup folder. [1] [2]
1.C.1
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using port 53
Commonly Used Port
(T1043)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using DNS traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com
Standard Application Layer Protocol
(T1071)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using both NetBIOS and base64 encoding
Data Encoding
(T1132)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
2.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig -all' via cmd
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
2.A.2
Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing arp.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
2.B.1
Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing echo with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
2.C.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
Process Discovery
(T1057)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3]
2.C.2
Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist -v' via cmd
Process Discovery
(T1057)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tasklist.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
2.D.1
Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing sc.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
2.D.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
2.E.1
Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing systeminfo.exe. [1] [2]
2.E.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2]
2.F.1
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
2.F.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators -domain' via cmd
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
2.F.3
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" -domain' via cmd
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Enrichment
An "IIOC" module called "Enumerates domain administrators" was generated and provided enrichment. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
2.G.1
Cobalt Strike: 'net user -domain' via cmd
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
2.G.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net user george -domain' via cmd
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
2.H.1
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key
Query Registry
(T1012)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
3.A.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to elevate process integrity level
Bypass User Account Control
(T1088)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though an alert was created for PowerShell with the -enc command-line argument. [1]
Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to modify current process token
Access Token Manipulation
(T1134)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
3.B.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
Process Discovery
(T1057)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3]
3.C.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in process injection capability executed to inject callback into cmd.exe
Process Injection
(T1055)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe creating a remote thread into cmd.exe. [1] [2]
4.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" -domain' via cmd
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe running net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
4.A.2
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" -domain' via cmd
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe running net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
4.B.1
Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe running netsh.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
4.C.1
Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe running netstat.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
5.A.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in Mimikatz credential dump capability executed
Credential Dumping
(T1003)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: Credential dump capability involved process injection into lsass
Process Injection
(T1055)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
5.A.2
Cobalt Strike: Built-in hash dump capability executed
Credential Dumping
(T1003)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: Hash dump capability involved process injection into lsass.exe
Process Injection
(T1055)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
5.B.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in token theft capability executed to change user context to George
Access Token Manipulation
(T1134)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
6.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Query Registry
(T1012)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
6.B.1
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to use port 80
Commonly Used Port
(T1043)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed connections over TCP port 80 to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com (C2 domain). [1] [2] [3] [4]
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to use HTTP traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com
Standard Application Layer Protocol
(T1071)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though telemetry showed a connection to TCP port 80 (no detection showed HTTP specifically). [1] [2]
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to split communications between both HTTP and DNS
Multiband Communication
(T1026)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
6.C.1
Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to proxy RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Remote Desktop Protocol
(T1076)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe connecting to 10.0.0.5 (Conficker) over port 3389. [1]
7.A.1
Added user Jesse to Conficker (10.0.0.5) through RDP connection
Create Account
(T1136)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility used to add new user through RDP connection
Graphical User Interface
(T1061)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility displayed user account information
Account Discovery
(T1087)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
7.B.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in upload capability executed to write a DLL payload (updater.dll) to disk on Nimda (10.0.1.6)
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed file write of updater.dll. [1] [2] [3] [4]
7.C.1
Cobalt Strike: 'schtasks' via cmd to create scheduled task that executes a DLL payload (updater.dll)
Scheduled Task
(T1053)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the execution of schtasks.exe as well as the full command-line arguments. [1] [2]
8.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'dir -s -b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing dir with command-line arguments. [1] [2]
8.A.2
Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tree with command-line arguments. [1] [2]
8.B.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
Process Discovery
(T1057)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3]
8.C.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in keylogging capability executed to capture keystrokes of user Debbie
Input Capture
(T1056)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though a floating code "IIOC" module alerted with a elevated risk score for DLL injection. An analyst could explore the module and observe the keylogger aggressor script, but this only showed that there is a potential capability of a keylogger, not that execution occurred. [1] [2]
Cobalt Strike: Keylogging capability included residual enumeration of application windows
Application Window Discovery
(T1010)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
8.D.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in screen capture capability executed to capture screenshot of current window of user Debbie
Screen Capture
(T1113)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though a floating code "IIOC" module alerted with a elevated risk score for DLL injection. An analyst could explore the module and observe multiple components related to jpegs, which may be related to screenshots, but does not show that execution occurred. [1]
Cobalt Strike: Screen capture capability involved process injection into explorer.exe
Process Injection
(T1055)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though a floating code "IIOC" module alerted with a elevated risk score for DLL injection. There was no telemetry available for the processes that were injected to verify its relation this procedure. [1] [2]
9.A.1
Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
9.B.1
Cobalt Strike: Built-in download capability executed to a collect file (Shockwave_rackb_diagram.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Data from Network Shared Drive
(T1039)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: Download capability exfiltrated data through existing C2 channel
Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel
(T1041)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
10.A.1
Batch file (autoupdate.bat) previously written to Startup folder executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32
Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder
(T1060)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing autoupdate.bat from the Startup folder. [1] [2]
10.A.2
Scheduled task executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (updater.dll) using Rundll32
Scheduled Task
(T1053)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed rundll32.exe executing updater.dll. [1] [2]
10.B.1
RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5) authenticated using previously added user Jesse
Valid Accounts
(T1078)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed "unregmp2.exe /FirstLogon" (associated with user logon) as well as the user name "Jesse J" within Machine Properties. [1] [2] [3] [4]
RDP connection made to Conficker (10.0.0.5) as part of execution of persistence mechanism
Remote Desktop Protocol
(T1076)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1]
11.A.1
Legitimate user Bob clicked and executed malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed)
Scripting
(T1064)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed wscript.exe executing autoupdate.vbs and the subsequent PowerShell child process. [RS1] Vendor says launch command-line argument truncation resulted in PowerShell not being able to be decoded. [1] [2] [3]
11.B.1
Empire: C2 channel established using port 443
Commonly Used Port
(T1043)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though telemetry showed an outbound network connection over port 443 and to letsencrypt.org (no protocol was identified for this traffic). [1] [2] [3] [4]
Empire: C2 channel established using HTTPS traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com
Standard Application Layer Protocol
(T1071)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe making a connection over port 443 to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com (C2 domain). [1] [2]
Empire: Encrypted C2 channel established using HTTPS
Standard Cryptographic Protocol
(T1032)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though telemetry showed an outbound network connection over port 443 and to letsencrypt.org (no protocol was identified for this traffic). [1]
12.A.1
Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing route.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
12.A.2
Empire: 'ipconfig -all' via PowerShell
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
12.B.1
Empire: 'whoami -all -fo list' via PowerShell
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing whoami.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
12.C.1
Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell
Process Discovery
(T1057)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
12.D.1
Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
12.E.1
Empire: Built-in WinEnum module executed to programmatically execute a series of enumeration techniques
Scripting
(T1064)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed PowerShell running and a PowerShell script being written to disk that coincided with the execution of WinEnum. [1] [2] [3]
12.E.1.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3]
12.E.1.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
12.E.1.3
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information
Password Policy Discovery
(T1201)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.4.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
12.E.1.4.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
12.E.1.5
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of clipboard contents
Clipboard Data
(T1115)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.6.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
12.E.1.6.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
12.E.1.7
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query
Query Registry
(T1012)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
12.E.1.8
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
12.E.1.9.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares
Network Share Discovery
(T1135)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.9.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives
Network Share Discovery
(T1135)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.10.1
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions
Security Software Discovery
(T1063)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.10.2
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules
Security Software Discovery
(T1063)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
12.E.1.11
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
12.E.1.12
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing netstat.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
12.F.1
Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" -domain' via PowerShell
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
12.F.2
Empire: 'net�localgroup�administrators' via PowerShell
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
12.G.1
Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
12.G.2
Empire: 'net user -domain' via PowerShell
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
13.A.1
Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" -domain' via PowerShell
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
13.B.1
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of net.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
13.B.2
Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure due to event suppression (previously detected). [1] [2] [3]
13.C.1
Empire:�'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
Query Registry
(T1012)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of reg.exe with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
14.A.1
Empire: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication module executed to launch new callback with elevated process integrity level
Bypass User Account Control
(T1088)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1]
Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded and wrote a new Empire stager (wdbypass) to disk
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though telemetry showed an encoded PowerShell command that could be decoded outside the capability to show the IEX command used to download the file (wdbypass) over HTTP port 8080. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded a new Empire stager (wdbypass) over HTTP
Standard Application Layer Protocol
(T1071)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though telemetry showed an encoded PowerShell command that could be decoded outside the capability to show the IEX command used to download the file (wdbypass) over HTTP port 8080. [1] [2]
Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded a new Empire stager (wdbypass) over port 8080
Commonly Used Port
(T1043)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed network connection to 192.168.0.5 (C2 server) over port 8080. Though it does not count as a detection, telemetry also showed an encoded PowerShell command that could be decoded outside the capability to show the IEX command used to download the file (wdbypass) over HTTP port 8080. [1] [2] [3] [4]
15.A.1
Empire: Built-in keylogging module executed to capture keystrokes of user Bob
Input Capture
(T1056)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
Empire: Built-in keylogging module included residual enumeration of application windows
Application Window Discovery
(T1010)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
15.B.1
Empire: 'get-content' via PowerShell to collect sensitive file (it_tasks.txt) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Credentials in Files
(T1081)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
16.A.1
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to brute force password spraying authentication attempts to Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6) targeting credentials of users�Kmitnick, Bob, and Frieda
Brute Force
(T1110)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed repeated logon attempts via net.exe and command-line arguments indicative of password spraying. [1] [2]
Empire: Brute force password spraying attempts targeted Windows admin shares on Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6)
Windows Admin Shares
(T1077)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed repeated logon attempts targeting ADMIN$ via net.exe and command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
16.B.1
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick
Valid Accounts
(T1078)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a logon attempt via net.exe and command-line arguments using valid credentials of user Kmitnick. [1] [2] [3] [4]
Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin share on Conficker (10.0.0.5)�
Windows Admin Shares
(T1077)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a logon attempt via net.exe and command-line arguments targeting ADMIN$ via net.exe and command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
Empire: Successful authentication to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick as a result of the brute force password spraying
Brute Force
(T1110)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed repeated logon attempts via net.exe and command-line arguments indicative of password spraying, eventually resulting in a successful logon. [1] [2]
16.C.1
Empire: 'net use -delete' via PowerShell
Network Share Connection Removal
(T1126)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed net.exe execution and command-line arguments. [1]
16.D.1
Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin shares on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Windows Admin Shares
(T1077)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a logon attempt via net.exe and command-line arguments targeting C$ via net.exe and command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3]
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Creeper (10.0.0.4) using credentials of user Kmitnick
Valid Accounts
(T1078)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a process tree containing a logon attempt via net.exe and command-line arguments using valid credentials of user Kmitnick. [1] [2] [3] [4]
16.E.1
Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed file write of autoupdate.vbs. [1] [2] [3] [4]
16.F.1
Empire: Built-in runas module executed to launch malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) as user Kmitnick�
Command-Line Interface
(T1059)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing autoupdate.vbs via wscript.exe as user Kmitnick [1]
16.G.1
Empire: Built-in move capability executed to write malicious VBScript (update.vbs) to disk on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2] [3] [4]
16.H.1
Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of sc.exe to query services on 10.0.0.4 (Creeper). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
16.I.1
Empire: 'sc create' via PowerShell to remotely create a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
New Service
(T1050)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of sc.exe to create a new service called AdobeUpdater with a binPath set to run cmd.exe and execute update.vbs. [1]
Empire: 'sc description' via PowerShell to remotely disguise a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
Masquerading
(T1036)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of sc.exe to create a new service called AdobeUpdater with a binPath set to run cmd.exe and execute update.vbs as well as set the service description. An analyst can use this information to determine the service is masquerading. [1] [2]
16.J.1
Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of sc.exe to query for the AdobeUpdater service on 10.0.0.4 (Creeper). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
16.K.1
Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
16.L.1
Empire: 'sc start' via PowerShell to remotely launch a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
Service Execution
(T1035)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of sc.exe to start the AdobeUpdater service on 10.0.0.4 (Creeper). Telemetry on Creeper showed the execution of cmd.exe to run update.vbs. [1] [2]
17.A.1
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed reg.exe executing with command-line arguments indicating a check to see if terminal services was enabled. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
Query Registry
(T1012)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed reg.exe executing with command-line arguments. [1] [2] [3] [4]
17.B.1
Empire: 'takeown' via PowerShell to obtain ownership of magnify.exe
File and Directory Permissions Modification
(T1222)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed takeown.exe execution to change the file permissions on magnify.exe. [1] [2]
17.B.2
Empire: 'icacls' via PowerShell to modify the DACL for magnify.exe
File and Directory Permissions Modification
(T1222)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed icacls.exe execution to change permissions on magnify.exe granting discretionary access to SYSTEM. [1] [2]
17.C.1
Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell to overwrite magnify.exe with cmd.exe
Accessibility Features
(T1015)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a file write event on magnify.exe in the system directory. A search for "cmd" on CodeRed shows the hash value of magnify.exe matches cmd.exe. [1] [2] [3]
18.A.1
Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1] [2]
18.B.1
Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell staged a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5) in the Recycle Bin (C:\$Recycle.Bin) on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)
Data Staged
(T1074)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell collected a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
Data from Network Shared Drive
(T1039)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
19.A.1
Empire: File dropped to disk is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary
Masquerading
(T1036)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.[RS30] Telemetry later identified recycler.exe as WinRAR during execution, no detections identified it as WinRAR upon file copy. [1] [2]
Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write binary (recycler.exe) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)
Remote File Copy
(T1105)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed a write file event for recycler.exe. [1] [2] [3] [4]
19.B.1
Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created compressed archive (old.rar) of previously collected file
Data Compressed
(T1002)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of recycler.exe with full command-line arguments, including -hp flag, indicating compression and encryption was used with a WinRAR utility.[RS3] Vendor stated alert logic exists for many files being accessed in a short period of time, which was not triggered in the evaluation because only one file was accessed. [1]
Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created encrypted archive (old.rar) of previously collected file
Data Encrypted
(T1022)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of recycler.exe with full command-line arguments, including -hp flag, indicating compression and encryption was used with a WinRAR utility.[RS3] Vendor stated alert logic exists for many files being accessed in a short period of time, which was not triggered in the evaluation because only one file was accessed. [1]
Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary
Masquerading
(T1036)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of recycler.exe with full command-line arguments, including -hp flag, indicating compression and encryption was used with a WinRAR utility.[RS4][RS3] Vendor stated file hash is also available that could be used with sources like Virustotal to identify the binary. YARA is also supported and rules could be created to identify WinRAR. Vendor stated alert logic exists for many files being accessed in a short period of time, which was not triggered in the evaluation because only one file was accessed. [1] [2]
19.C.1
Empire: Sequence of 'echo' commands via PowerShell to populate commands in text file (ftp.txt), which is then executed by FTP to exfil data through network connection separate of existing C2 channel
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol
(T1048)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed the execution of ftp.exe with command-line arguments, including ftp.txt, for exfiltration. The contents of ftp.txt was not seen. [1]
19.D.1
Empire: 'del C:\"$"Recycle.bin\old.rar'
File Deletion
(T1107)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [RS2] The master file table on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed) was inspected through the capability to look for deleted files, showing old.rar. [1]
19.D.2
Empire: 'del recycler.exe'
File Deletion
(T1107)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1]
20.A.1
magnifer.exe previously overwritten by cmd.exe launched through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)
Accessibility Features
(T1015)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of magnify.exe. [1] [2] [3]
RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4) as part of execution of persistence mechanism
Remote Desktop Protocol
(T1076)
None
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. [1]
20.B.1
Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Telemetry
Telemetry showed execution of whoami.exe. [1] [2] [3]







Operational Flow The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

Step 1: Initial Compromise

1.A.1 Execution

User Execution

i. Legitimate user Debbie clicked and executed malicious self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) on 10.0.1.6 (Nimda)

1.A.1 Execution

Rundll32

i. Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) launched a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32

1.A.1 Execution

Scripting

i. Previously executed self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) launched an embedded batch file (pdfhelper.cmd)

1.B.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) moved a separate batch file (autoupdate.bat) to the Startup folder

1.C.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using port 53

1.C.1 Command and Control

Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using DNS traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com

1.C.1 Command and Control

Data Encoding

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established using both NetBIOS and base64 encoding

Step 2: Initial Discover

2.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig -all' via cmd

2.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd

2.B.1 Discovery

System Owner/User Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables

2.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

2.C.2 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist -v' via cmd

2.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd

2.D.2 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd

2.E.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd

2.E.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd

2.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd

2.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators -domain' via cmd

2.F.3 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" -domain' via cmd

2.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user -domain' via cmd

2.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user george -domain' via cmd

2.H.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 3: Privilege Escalation

3.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Bypass User Account Control

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to elevate process integrity level

3.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to modify current process token

3.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

3.C.1 Privilege Escalation

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in process injection capability executed to inject callback into cmd.exe

Step 4: Discovery for Lateral Movement

4.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" -domain' via cmd

4.A.2 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" -domain' via cmd

4.B.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd

4.C.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd

Step 5: Credential Access

5.A.1 Credential Access

Credential Dumping

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in Mimikatz credential dump capability executed

5.A.1 Credential Access

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Credential dump capability involved process injection into lsass

5.A.2 Credential Access

Credential Dumping

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in hash dump capability executed

5.A.2 Credential Access

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Hash dump capability involved process injection into lsass.exe

5.B.1 Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in token theft capability executed to change user context to George

Step 6: Lateral Movement

6.A.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

6.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to use port 80

6.B.1 Command and Control

Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to use HTTP traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com

6.B.1 Command and Control

Multiband Communication

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to split communications between both HTTP and DNS

6.C.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to proxy RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 7: Persistence

7.A.1 Persistence

Create Account

i. Added user Jesse to Conficker (10.0.0.5) through RDP connection

7.A.1 Persistence

Graphical User Interface

i. Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility used to add new user through RDP connection

7.A.1 Persistence

Account Discovery

i. Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility displayed user account information

7.B.1 Command and Control

Remote File Copy

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in upload capability executed to write a DLL payload (updater.dll) to disk on Nimda (10.0.1.6)

7.C.1 Persistence

Scheduled Task

i. Cobalt Strike: 'schtasks' via cmd to create scheduled task that executes a DLL payload (updater.dll)

Step 8: Collection

8.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'dir -s -b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd

8.A.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd

8.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

8.C.1 Collection

Input Capture

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in keylogging capability executed to capture keystrokes of user Debbie

8.C.1 Collection

Application Window Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: Keylogging capability included residual enumeration of application windows

8.D.1 Collection

Screen Capture

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in screen capture capability executed to capture screenshot of current window of user Debbie

8.D.1 Collection

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Screen capture capability involved process injection into explorer.exe

Step 9: Exfiltration

9.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

9.B.1 Exfiltration

Data from Network Shared Drive

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in download capability executed to a collect file (Shockwave_rackb_diagram.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

9.B.1 Exfiltration

Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel

i. Cobalt Strike: Download capability exfiltrated data through existing C2 channel

Step 10: Execution of Persistence

10.A.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Batch file (autoupdate.bat) previously written to Startup folder executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32

10.A.2 Persistence

Scheduled Task

i. Scheduled task executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (updater.dll) using Rundll32

10.B.1 Persistence

Valid Accounts

i. RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5) authenticated using previously added user Jesse

10.B.1 Persistence

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. RDP connection made to Conficker (10.0.0.5) as part of execution of persistence mechanism

Step 11: Initial Access

11.A.1 Execution

Scripting

i. Legitimate user Bob clicked and executed malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed)

11.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port

i. Empire: C2 channel established using port 443

11.B.1 Command and Control

Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Empire: C2 channel established using HTTPS traffic to freegoogleadsenseinfo.com

11.B.1 Command and Control

Standard Cryptographic Protocol

i. Empire: Encrypted C2 channel established using HTTPS

Step 12: Initial Discover

12.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell

12.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'ipconfig -all' via PowerShell

12.B.1 Discovery

System Owner/User Discovery

i. Empire: 'whoami -all -fo list' via PowerShell

12.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell

12.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell

12.E.1 Discovery

Scripting

i. Empire: Built-in WinEnum module executed to programmatically execute a series of enumeration techniques

12.E.1.1 Discovery

System Owner/User Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information

12.E.1.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships

12.E.1.3 Discovery

Password Policy Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information

12.E.1.4.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files

12.E.1.4.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files

12.E.1.5 Discovery

Clipboard Data

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of clipboard contents

12.E.1.6.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information

12.E.1.6.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information

12.E.1.7 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query

12.E.1.8 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services

12.E.1.9.1 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares

12.E.1.9.2 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives

12.E.1.10.1 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions

12.E.1.10.2 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules

12.E.1.11 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters

12.E.1.12 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections

12.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" -domain' via PowerShell

12.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net�localgroup�administrators' via PowerShell

12.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell

12.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user -domain' via PowerShell

Step 13: Discovery for Lateral Movement

13.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" -domain' via PowerShell

13.B.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell

13.B.2 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell

13.C.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire:�'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 14: Privilege Escalation

14.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Bypass User Account Control

i. Empire: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication module executed to launch new callback with elevated process integrity level

14.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded and wrote a new Empire stager (wdbypass) to disk

14.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded a new Empire stager (wdbypass) over HTTP

14.A.1 Privilege Escalation

Commonly Used Port

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded a new Empire stager (wdbypass) over port 8080

Step 15: Credential Access

15.A.1 Credential Access

Input Capture

i. Empire: Built-in keylogging module executed to capture keystrokes of user Bob

15.A.1 Credential Access

Application Window Discovery

i. Empire: Built-in keylogging module included residual enumeration of application windows

15.B.1 Credential Access

Credentials in Files

i. Empire: 'get-content' via PowerShell to collect sensitive file (it_tasks.txt) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 16: Lateral Movement

16.A.1 Credential Access

Brute Force

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to brute force password spraying authentication attempts to Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6) targeting credentials of users�Kmitnick, Bob, and Frieda

16.A.1 Credential Access

Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: Brute force password spraying attempts targeted Windows admin shares on Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6)

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Valid Accounts

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin share on Conficker (10.0.0.5)�

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Brute Force

i. Empire: Successful authentication to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick as a result of the brute force password spraying

16.C.1 Defense Evasion

Network Share Connection Removal

i. Empire: 'net use -delete' via PowerShell

16.D.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin shares on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

16.D.1 Lateral Movement

Valid Accounts

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Creeper (10.0.0.4) using credentials of user Kmitnick

16.E.1 Command and Control

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

16.F.1 Execution

Command-Line Interface

i. Empire: Built-in runas module executed to launch malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) as user Kmitnick�

16.G.1 Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in move capability executed to write malicious VBScript (update.vbs) to disk on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.H.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.I.1 Privilege Escalation

New Service

i. Empire: 'sc create' via PowerShell to remotely create a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.I.1 Privilege Escalation

Masquerading

i. Empire: 'sc description' via PowerShell to remotely disguise a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.J.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.K.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.L.1 Execution

Service Execution

i. Empire: 'sc start' via PowerShell to remotely launch a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

Step 17: Persistence

17.A.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services

17.A.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key

17.B.1 Persistence

File and Directory Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'takeown' via PowerShell to obtain ownership of magnify.exe

17.B.2 Persistence

File and Directory Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'icacls' via PowerShell to modify the DACL for magnify.exe

17.C.1 Persistence

Accessibility Features

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell to overwrite magnify.exe with cmd.exe

Step 18: Collection

18.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

18.B.1 Collection

Data Staged

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell staged a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5) in the Recycle Bin (C:\$Recycle.Bin) on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

18.B.1 Collection

Data from Network Shared Drive

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell collected a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 19: Exfiltration

19.A.1 Command and Control

Masquerading

i. Empire: File dropped to disk is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary

19.A.1 Command and Control

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write binary (recycler.exe) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

19.B.1 Defense Evasion

Data Compressed

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created compressed archive (old.rar) of previously collected file

19.B.1 Defense Evasion

Data Encrypted

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created encrypted archive (old.rar) of previously collected file

19.B.1 Exfiltration

Masquerading

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary

19.C.1 Defense Evasion

Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol

i. Empire: Sequence of 'echo' commands via PowerShell to populate commands in text file (ftp.txt), which is then executed by FTP to exfil data through network connection separate of existing C2 channel

19.D.1 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del C:\"$"Recycle.bin\old.rar'

19.D.2 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del recycler.exe'

Step 20: Execution of Persistence

20.A.1 Persistence

Accessibility Features

i. magnifer.exe previously overwritten by cmd.exe launched through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)

20.A.1 Persistence

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4) as part of execution of persistence mechanism

20.B.1 Execution

System Owner/User Discovery

i. Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)