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Tactic Results: Discovery Tactic Page Information

The ATT&CK tactic page displays all tested techniques belonging to that tactic, as well as all procedures and their respective detections. The procedures are grouped by their technique. The Procedure column contains a description of how the technique was tested. The Step column is where in the operational flow the procedure occurred. Click the Step Number to view it in the Operational Flow panel. Detections are classified by one or more Detection Types, summarized by the Detection Notes, and may be supported by Screenshots. The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

MITRE does not rank, score, validate, or endorse any product. The evaluation results are available to the public, so other organizations may provide their own analysis and interpretation - these are not endorsed or validated by MITRE.

Vendor Configuration      All Results     JSON     Legend
Legend
Main Detection Categories: Detection Modifiers:

None

Telemetry

Indicator of Compromise

General Behavior

Specific Behavior

Enrichment

Tainted

Delayed

Configuration Change
Technique
Procedures Step
Detection Type Detection Notes
Screenshots
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd
2.A.1
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed cmd.exe executing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition Ipconfig All Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The condition contributing to Enrichment was added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so this detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of ipconfig.exe with condition Ipconfig All Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd
2.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing arp.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert.
Telemetry showing arp.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd
4.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing netsh.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent "Powershell Execution Policy ByPass command ran" alert.
Telemetry showing netsh.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent "Powershell Execution Policy ByPass command ran" alert)
Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell
12.A.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability showed powershell.exe executing route.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the conditions Reconnaissance Tool and Route Spawned with Reconnaissance. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of route.exe with conditions Reconnaissance Tool and Route Spawned with Reconnaissance (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell
12.A.2
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed powershell.exe executing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition Ipconfig All Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The condition contributing to Enrichment was added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so the detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of ipconfig.exe with condition Ipconfig All Reconnaissance Command (tainted by parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters
12.E.1.11
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables
2.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing echo with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert.
Telemetry showing echo with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell
12.B.1
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed powershell.exe executing whoami.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition Whoami Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The condition contributing to enrichment may have been added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so the detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of whoami.exe with condition Whoami Reconnaissance Command (tainted by parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information
12.E.1.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)
20.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed magnify.exe executing whoami.exe. The telemetry was tainted by the parent POS Interactive Login Event alert. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Telemetry showing magnify.exe executing whoami.exe (tainted by the parent POS Interactive Login Event alert)
Process Discovery
(T1057)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
2.C.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd
2.C.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tasklist.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert.
Telemetry showing tasklist.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
3.B.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
8.B.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell
12.C.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Telemetry showing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by parent Script File Created alert)
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd
2.D.1
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed cmd.exe executing sc.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition SC Query Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The condition contributing to Enrichment was added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so this detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of sc.exe with condition SC Query Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd
2.D.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert.
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell
12.D.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services
12.E.1.8
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.H.1
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed powershell.exe executing sc.exe to remotely query services on Creeper and enriched sc.exe with enriched with the condition SC Query Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent "Powershell executed remote commands" alert. The capability was modified after the start of the evaluation to allow the condition contributing to Enrichment to appear, so the detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment showing powershell.exe executing sc.exe to query services on Creeper (enriched with condition SC Query Reconnaissance Command, tainted by the parent "Powershell executed remote commands" alert)
Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.J.1
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed powershell.exe executing sc.exe to query the AdobeUpdater service on Creeper and enriched sc.exe with the condition SC QC Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent "Powershell executed remote commands alert". The capability was modified after the start of the evaluation to allow the condition contributing to Enrichment to appear, so the detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment showing powershell.exe executing sc.exe query AdobeUpdater service on Creeper (enriched with condition SC QC Reconnaissance Command, tainted by the parent "Powershell executed remote commands" alert)
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services
17.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments indicating a check to see if terminal services was enabled. The telemetry was tainted by the parent "New Windows service created" alert. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing reg.exe (tainted by the parent "New Windows service created" alert)
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd
2.E.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing systeminfo.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert.
Telemetry showing systeminfo.exe (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd
2.E.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert.
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information
12.E.1.6.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information
12.E.1.6.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd
2.F.1
Enrichment (Tainted, Configuration Change)
  
  
The capability showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the conditions Net Group Reconnaissance Command and Net LocalGroup Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The conditions contributing to Enrichment were added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so this detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with conditions Net Group Reconnaissance Command and Net LocalGroup Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd
2.F.2
Enrichment (Tainted, Configuration Change)
  
  
The capability showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the conditions Net Group Reconnaissance Command and Net LocalGroup Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The conditions contributing to Enrichment were added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so this detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with conditions Net Group Reconnaissance Command and Net LocalGroup Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd
2.F.3
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the conditions Net Group Reconnaissance Command and Net LocalGroup Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The conditions contributing to Enrichment were added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so this detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with conditions Net Group Reconnaissance Command and Net LocalGroup Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships
12.E.1.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure, though telemetry showed powershell.exe connecting to the domain controller. This could indicate AD group information was being obtained, but this was not directly detected. The vendor indicated the capability sees the start of a PowerShell connection, but would not see additional commands after that start. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe execution and connection to the domain controller 10.0.0.4 (Creeper) (does not count as a detection)
Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell
12.F.1
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the conditions Net Domain Admins Reconnaissance Command and Net Group Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The condition contributing to Enrichment was added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so the detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with conditions Net Domain Admins Reconnaissance Command and Net Group Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell
12.F.2
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the conditions Net Group Reconnaissance Command and Net LocalGroup Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The condition contributing to Enrichment was added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so the detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with conditions Net Group Reconnaissance Command and Net LocalGroup Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd
2.G.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition Net User Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert.
Enrichment of net.exe with condition Net User Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'net user george /domain' via cmd
2.G.2
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the conditions Reconnaissance Tool and Net User Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. One condition contributing to Enrichment was added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so this detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with conditions Reconnaissance Tool and Net User Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility displayed user account information
7.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed execution of mmc.exe, the Microsoft Management Console, spawning the lusrmgr.msc (Local Users and Groups snap-in) which displays local account information. The telemetry was tainted by the parent "LSA Registry Key modified" alert.
Telemetry showing mmc.exe running lusrmgr.msc (tainted by the parent "LSA Registry Key modified" alert) 
Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell
12.G.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition Net User Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with condition Net User Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell
12.G.2
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition Net User Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with condition Net User Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Query Registry
(T1012)
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key
2.H.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert.
Telemetry showing reg.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
6.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments. Telemetry also showed that two PIPEs were created as a result of reg.exe execution. The telemetry was tainted by the parent "Powershell process created" alert.
Telemetry showing reg.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent "Powershell process created" alert)
Telemetry showing PIPEs created (tainted by the parent "Powershell process created" alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query
12.E.1.7
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
13.C.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed execution of reg.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert). Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Telemetry showing reg.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
17.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent "New Windows service created" alert. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing reg.exe (tainted by the parent "New Windows service created" alert)
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.1
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition Net Group Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent "Powershell Execution Policy ByPass command ran" alert. At least one condition was added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so this detection is identified as a configuration change.
Enrichment of net.exe with condition Net Group Reconnaissance Command, (tainted by the parent "Powershell Execution Policy ByPass command ran" alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.2
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition Net Group Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent "Powershell Execution Policy ByPass command ran" alert. The condition contributing to Enrichment was added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so this detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with condition Net Group Reconnaissance Command, (tainted by the parent "Powershell Execution Policy ByPass command ran" alert)
Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell
13.A.1
Enrichment (Configuration Change, Tainted)
  
  
The capability showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments and enriched the command with the condition Net User Reconnaissance Command. The enrichment was tainted by the parent Script File Created alert. The condition contributing to Enrichment was added to the capability's detection after the start of the evaluation, so the detection is identified as a configuration change. See Configuration page for details.
Enrichment of net.exe with condition Net Group Reconnaissance Command (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd
4.C.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing netstat.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent "Powershell Execution Policy ByPass command ran" alert.
Telemetry showing netstat.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent "Powershell Execution Policy ByPass command ran" alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections
12.E.1.12
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell
13.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed execution of net.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert). Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell
13.B.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed execution of netstat.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert). Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Telemetry showing netstat.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent Script File Created alert)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd
8.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed that svchost.exe created cmd.exe, which executed dir. The telemetry was tainted by the parent "Powershell process created" alert.
Telemetry showing dir with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent "Powershell process created" alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd
8.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed that svchost.exe created cmd.exe, which executed tree with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by the parent "Powershell process created" alert.
Telemetry showing tree with command-line arguments (tainted by the parent "Powershell process created" alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
9.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files
12.E.1.4.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files
12.E.1.4.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.K.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
18.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Application Window Discovery
(T1010)
Cobalt Strike: Keylogging capability included residual enumeration of application windows
8.C.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: Built-in keylogging module included residual enumeration of application windows
15.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Password Policy Discovery
(T1201)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information
12.E.1.3
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Network Share Discovery
(T1135)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares
12.E.1.9.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives
12.E.1.9.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Security Software Discovery
(T1063)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions
12.E.1.10.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules
12.E.1.10.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor modified configurations between scenario one and two, but MITRE assesses the change did not significantly affect results for this detection. See Configuration page for details.







Operational Flow

The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

Step 1: Initial Compromise

1.A.1 Execution

User Execution, Rundll32, Scripting

i. Legitimate user Debbie clicked and executed malicious self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) on 10.0.1.6 (Nimda)

1.B.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) moved a separate batch file (autoupdate.bat) to the Startup folder

1.C.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Data Encoding, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established

Step 2: Initial Discover

2.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd

2.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd

2.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables

2.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

2.C.2 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd

2.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd

2.D.2 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd

2.E.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd

2.E.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd

2.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd

2.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd

2.F.3 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd

2.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd

2.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user george /domain' via cmd

2.H.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 3: Privilege Escalation

3.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation, Bypass User Account Control

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to elevate process integrity level

3.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

3.C.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in process injection capability executed to inject callback into cmd.exe

Step 4: Discovery for Lateral Movement

4.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd

4.A.2 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd

4.B.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd

4.C.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd

Step 5: Credential Access

5.A.1 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in Mimikatz credential dump capability executed

5.A.2 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in hash dump capability executed

5.B.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in token theft capability executed to change user context to George

Step 6: Lateral Movement

6.A.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

6.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Multiband Communication, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified

6.C.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to proxy RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 7: Persistence

7.A.1 Persistence

Create Account, Graphical user Interface, Account Discovery

i. Added user Jesse to Conficker (10.0.0.5) through RDP connection

7.B.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in upload capability executed to write a DLL payload (updater.dll) to disk on Nimda (10.0.1.6)

7.C.1 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Cobalt Strike: 'schtasks' via cmd to create scheduled task that executes a DLL payload (updater.dll)

Step 8: Collection

8.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd

8.A.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd

8.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

8.C.1 Collection, Credential Access

Input Capture, Application Window Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in keylogging capability executed to capture keystrokes of user Debbie

8.D.1 Collection

Screen Capture, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in screen capture capability executed to capture screenshot of current window of user Debbie

Step 9: Exfiltration

9.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

9.B.1 Collection

Data from Data from Network Shared Drive, Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in download capability executed to a collect file (Shockwave_rackb_diagram.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 10: Execution of Persistence

10.A.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Batch file (autoupdate.bat) previously written to Startup folder executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32

10.A.2 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Scheduled task executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (updater.dll) using Rundll32

10.B.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol, Valid Accounts

i. RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5) authenticated using previously added user Jesse

Step 11: Initial Access

11.A.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Legitimate user Bob clicked and executed malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed)

11.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Standard Application Layer Protocol, Standard Cryptographic Protocol

i. Empire: C2 channel established

Step 12: Initial Discover

12.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell

12.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell

12.B.1 Discovery

System Owner/User Discovery

i. Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell

12.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell

12.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell

12.E.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Empire: Built-in WinEnum module executed to programmatically execute a series of enumeration techniques

12.E.1.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information

12.E.1.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships

12.E.1.3 Discovery

Password Policy Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information

12.E.1.4.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files

12.E.1.4.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files

12.E.1.5 Collection

Clipboard Data

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of clipboard contents

12.E.1.6.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information

12.E.1.6.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information

12.E.1.7 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query

12.E.1.8 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services

12.E.1.9.1 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares

12.E.1.9.2 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives

12.E.1.10.1 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions

12.E.1.10.2 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules

12.E.1.11 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters

12.E.1.12 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections

12.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell

12.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell

12.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell

12.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell

Step 13: Discovery for Lateral Movement

13.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell

13.B.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell

13.B.2 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell

13.C.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 14: Privilege Escalation

14.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Bypass User Account Control, Commonly Used Port, Remote File Copy, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded and executed a new Empire stager (wdbypass)

Step 15: Credential Access

15.A.1 Discovery

Application Window Discovery, Input Capture

i. Empire: Built-in keylogging module executed to capture keystrokes of user Bob

15.B.1 Credential Access

Credentials in Files

i. Empire: 'get-content' via PowerShell to collect sensitive file (it_tasks.txt) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 16: Lateral Movement

16.A.1 Credential Access

Brute Force, Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to brute force password spraying authentication attempts to Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6) targeting credentials of users Kmitnick, Bob, and Frieda

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts , Brute Force

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick

16.C.1 Defense Evasion

Network Share Connection Removal

i. Empire: 'net use /delete' via PowerShell

16.D.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts

i. Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin shares on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

16.E.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

16.F.1 Execution

Command-Line Interface

i. Empire: Built-in runas module executed to launch malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) as user Kmitnick

16.G.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in move capability executed to write malicious VBScript (update.vbs) to disk on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.H.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.I.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

New Service, Masquerading

i. Empire: 'sc create' via PowerShell to remotely create a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.J.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.K.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.L.1 Execution

Service Execution

i. Empire: 'sc start' via PowerShell to remotely launch a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

Step 17: Persistence

17.A.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery, Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services

17.B.1 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'takeown' via PowerShell to obtain ownership of magnify.exe

17.B.2 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'icacls' via PowerShell to modify the DACL for magnify.exe

17.C.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell to overwrite magnify.exe with cmd.exe

Step 18: Collection

18.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

18.B.1 Collection

Data Staged, Data from Network Shared Drive

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell staged a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5) in the Recycle Bin (C:\$Recycle.Bin) on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

Step 19: Exfiltration

19.A.1 Defense Evasion

Masquerading, Remote File Copy

i. Empire: File dropped to disk is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary

19.B.1 Exfiltration

Data Compressed, Data Encrypted, Masquerading

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created compressed archive (old.rar) of previously collected file

19.C.1 Exfiltration

Exfiltration over Alternative Protocol

i. Empire: Sequence of 'echo' commands via PowerShell to populate commands in text file (ftp.txt), which is then executed by FTP to exfil data through network connection separate of existing C2 channel

19.D.1 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del C:\"$"Recycle.bin\old.rar'

19.D.2 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del recycler.exe'

Step 20: Execution of Persistence

20.A.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features, Remote Desktop Protocol

i. magnifer.exe previously overwritten by cmd.exe launched through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)

20.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)