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Tactic Results: Discovery Tactic Page Information

The ATT&CK tactic page displays all tested techniques belonging to that tactic, as well as all procedures and their respective detections. The procedures are grouped by their technique. The Procedure column contains a description of how the technique was tested. The Step column is where in the operational flow the procedure occurred. Click the Step Number to view it in the Operational Flow panel. Detections are classified by one or more Detection Types, summarized by the Detection Notes, and may be supported by Screenshots. The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

MITRE does not assign scores, rankings, or ratings. The evaluation results are available to the public, so other organizations may provide their own analysis and interpretation - these are not endorsed or validated by MITRE.

Vendor Configuration      All Results     JSON     Legend
Legend
Main Detection Categories: Detection Modifiers:

None

Telemetry

Indicator of Compromise

General Behavior

Specific Behavior

Enrichment

Tainted

Delayed

Configuration Change
Technique
Procedures Step
Detection Type Detection Notes
Screenshots
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd
2.A.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing ipconfig.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing ipconfig with command-line arguments.
Enrichment of ipconfig.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing ipconfig with command-line arguments
Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd
2.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed arp.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing arp with command-line arguments
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing arp with command-line arguments
Telemetry showing arp.exe executing within the process tree (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd
4.B.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched netsh.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (Security Software Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments. command-line arguments. The telemetry behind each enrichment is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
Enrichment of netsh.exe executing with correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and related Technique (Security Software Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell
12.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed route.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry showing route.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell
12.A.2
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched ipconfig.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed ipconfig.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry behind each enrichment is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
Enrichment of ipconfig.exe executing with correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters
12.E.1.11
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables
2.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing echo with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing echo with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell
12.B.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched whoami.exe executing as Reconnaissance and the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Owner/User Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed whoami.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry behind each enrichment is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
Enrichment of whoami.exe executing as Reconnaissance and the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Enrichment of whoami.exe executing with labels for Reconnaissance and Accounts discovery
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information
12.E.1.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)
20.B.1
Specific Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A Specific Behavior alert was generated based on whoami.exe performing Reconnaissance as a SYSTEM user. The alert was tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Owner/User Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent Accessibility Features alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the execution of whoami.exe. For most alerts in the user interface, the telemetry behind it is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
Specific Behavior alert for whoami.exe execution with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) (tainted by a parent Accessibility Features alert)
Process Discovery
(T1057)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
2.C.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd
2.C.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tasklist with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing tasklist with command-line arguments
Telemetry showing tasklist.exe executing within the process tree (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
3.B.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
8.B.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell
12.C.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched qprocess.exe executing as Reconnaissance and Local process discovery as well as the correct ATT&CK Technique (Process Discovery) and Tactic (Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed qprocess.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry behind each enrichment is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
Enrichment of qprocess.exe executing with correct ATT&CK Technique (Process Discovery) and Tactic (Discovery) (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Enrichment of qprocess.exe executing with labels for Reconnaissance and Local process discovery
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd
2.D.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing sc.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing sc with command-line arguments.
Enrichment of sc.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing sc with command-line arguments
Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd
2.D.2
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments. 
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments
Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell
12.D.1
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe conducting suspicious activity related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was also tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Services Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed net.exe executing with command-line arguments. For most alerts in the user interface, the telemetry behind it is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (System Services Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing alerted net.exe with correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery) (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services
12.E.1.8
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.H.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed sc.exe execution with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry of sc.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.J.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed sc.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry showing sc.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services
17.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed reg.exe executing with command-line arguments indicating a check to see if terminal services were enabled. The telemetry was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry of reg.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd
2.E.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched systeminfo.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Information Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing systeminfo with command-line arguments.
Enrichment of systeminfo.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Information Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing systeminfo
Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd
2.E.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Information Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net executing with command-line arguments
Enrichment of net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Information Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information
12.E.1.6.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information
12.E.1.6.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd
2.F.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Permission Groups Discovery) and Technique (Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments
Enrichment of net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Permission Groups Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing enriched net.exe executing (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd
2.F.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Permission Groups Discovery) and Technique (Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments
Enrichment of net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Permission Groups Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing enriched net.exe executing (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd
2.F.3
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe conducting suspicious activity related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was also tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Permission Groups Discovery) and Technique (Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Permission Groups Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing alerted net.exe executing (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships
12.E.1.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell
12.F.1
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe conducting suspicious activity related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was also tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Permission Groups Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed net.exe executing with command-line arguments. For most alerts in the user interface, the telemetry behind it is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Permission Groups Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing alerted net.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell
12.F.2
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe conducting suspicious activity related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was also tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Permission Groups Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed net.exe executing with command-line arguments. For most alerts in the user interface, the telemetry behind it is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Permission Groups Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing alerted net.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd
2.G.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert
Telemetry showing net executing with command-line arguments
Enrichment of net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Account Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing enriched net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'net user george /domain' via cmd
2.G.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert
Telemetry showing net executing with command-line arguments
Enrichment of net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Account Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing enriched net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility displayed user account information
7.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed mmc.exe, the Microsoft Management Console, executing the lusrmgr.msc (Local Users and Groups snap-in) which displays local account information.
Telemetry showing lusrmgr.msc running from mmc.exe
Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell
12.G.1
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe conducting suspicious activity related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was also tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Account Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed net.exe executing with command-line arguments. For most alerts in the user interface, the telemetry behind it is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Account Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing alerted net.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell
12.G.2
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe conducting suspicious activity related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was also tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Account Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed net.exe executing with command-line arguments. For most alerts in the user interface, the telemetry behind it is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Account Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing alerted net.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Query Registry
(T1012)
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key
2.H.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry within a process tree showing reg.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing reg with command-line arguments
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
6.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed reg.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry showing reg.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query
12.E.1.7
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
13.C.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed reg.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry showing reg.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
17.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed reg.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry of reg.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.1
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe executing as part of a suspicious execution chain related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing as part of a suspicious execution chain
Process tree showing alerted net.exe executing (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Telemetry showing net.exe executing with command-line arguments
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.2
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe executing as part of a suspicious execution chain related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was also tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Remote System Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing as part of a suspicious execution chain
Process tree showing alerted net.exe executing (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Telemetry showing net.exe executing with command-line arguments
Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell
13.A.1
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe conducting suspicious activity related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was also tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Remote System Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed net.exe executing with command-line arguments. For most alerts in the user interface, the telemetry behind it is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Remote System Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing alerted net.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd
4.C.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched netstat.exe executing as Reconnaissance and mapped to the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing netstat with command-line arguments.
Enrichment of netstat.exe executing labeled as Reconnaissance and mapped to the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing netstat with command-line arguments
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections
12.E.1.12
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched netstat.exe executing as Reconnaissance and the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed netstat.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry behind each enrichment is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
Enriched alert for netstat.exe labeled with Reconnaissance and the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery) (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell
13.B.1
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe conducting suspicious activity related to Discovery/Privilege Escalation as well as being a descendant of a suspicious process. The alert was also tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Connections Discovery). The alert was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed net.exe executing with command-line arguments. For most alerts in the user interface, the telemetry behind it is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (System Network Connections Discovery) and Technique (Discovery)
Process tree showing alerted net.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell
13.B.2
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched netstat.exe executing as Reconnaissance and the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent PowerShell alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed netstat.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry behind each enrichment is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
Enrichment showing netstat.exe executing as Reconnaissance and the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery) (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd
8.A.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing dir with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (File and Directory Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing dir with command-line arguments. The telemetry behind each enrichment is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing the dir with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (File and Directory Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd
8.A.2
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing tree with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (File and Directory Discovery). The data was tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tree with command-line arguments. The telemetry behind each enrichment is separately available in the capability. This is counted as a separate detection because the functionality was showed to MITRE throughout the evaluation, though a screenshot was not taken in this instance.
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing the tree with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (File and Directory Discovery) (tainted by a parent Injected Shellcode alert)
Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
9.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files
12.E.1.4.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files
12.E.1.4.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.K.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
18.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Application Window Discovery
(T1010)
Cobalt Strike: Keylogging capability included residual enumeration of application windows
8.C.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: Built-in keylogging module included residual enumeration of application windows
15.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Password Policy Discovery
(T1201)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information
12.E.1.3
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Network Share Discovery
(T1135)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares
12.E.1.9.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives
12.E.1.9.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Security Software Discovery
(T1063)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions
12.E.1.10.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules
12.E.1.10.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.







Operational Flow The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

Step 1: Initial Compromise

1.A.1 Execution

User Execution, Rundll32, Scripting

i. Legitimate user Debbie clicked and executed malicious self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) on 10.0.1.6 (Nimda)

1.B.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) moved a separate batch file (autoupdate.bat) to the Startup folder

1.C.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Data Encoding, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established

Step 2: Initial Discover

2.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd

2.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd

2.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables

2.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

2.C.2 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd

2.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd

2.D.2 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd

2.E.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd

2.E.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd

2.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd

2.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd

2.F.3 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd

2.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd

2.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user george /domain' via cmd

2.H.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 3: Privilege Escalation

3.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation, Bypass User Account Control

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to elevate process integrity level

3.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

3.C.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in process injection capability executed to inject callback into cmd.exe

Step 4: Discovery for Lateral Movement

4.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd

4.A.2 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd

4.B.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd

4.C.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd

Step 5: Credential Access

5.A.1 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in Mimikatz credential dump capability executed

5.A.2 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in hash dump capability executed

5.B.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in token theft capability executed to change user context to George

Step 6: Lateral Movement

6.A.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

6.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Multiband Communication, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified

6.C.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to proxy RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 7: Persistence

7.A.1 Persistence

Create Account, Graphical User Interface, Account Discovery

i. Added user Jesse to Conficker (10.0.0.5) through RDP connection

7.B.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in upload capability executed to write a DLL payload (updater.dll) to disk on Nimda (10.0.1.6)

7.C.1 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Cobalt Strike: 'schtasks' via cmd to create scheduled task that executes a DLL payload (updater.dll)

Step 8: Collection

8.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd

8.A.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd

8.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

8.C.1 Collection, Credential Access

Input Capture, Application Window Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in keylogging capability executed to capture keystrokes of user Debbie

8.D.1 Collection

Screen Capture, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in screen capture capability executed to capture screenshot of current window of user Debbie

Step 9: Exfiltration

9.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

9.B.1 Collection

Data from Network Shared Drive, Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in download capability executed to a collect file (Shockwave_rackb_diagram.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 10: Execution of Persistence

10.A.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Batch file (autoupdate.bat) previously written to Startup folder executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32

10.A.2 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Scheduled task executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (updater.dll) using Rundll32

10.B.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol, Valid Accounts

i. RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5) authenticated using previously added user Jesse

Step 11: Initial Access

11.A.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Legitimate user Bob clicked and executed malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed)

11.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Standard Application Layer Protocol, Standard Cryptographic Protocol

i. Empire: C2 channel established

Step 12: Initial Discover

12.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell

12.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell

12.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell

12.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell

12.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell

12.E.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Empire: Built-in WinEnum module executed to programmatically execute a series of enumeration techniques

12.E.1.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information

12.E.1.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships

12.E.1.3 Discovery

Password Policy Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information

12.E.1.4.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files

12.E.1.4.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files

12.E.1.5 Collection

Clipboard Data

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of clipboard contents

12.E.1.6.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information

12.E.1.6.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information

12.E.1.7 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query

12.E.1.8 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services

12.E.1.9.1 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares

12.E.1.9.2 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives

12.E.1.10.1 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions

12.E.1.10.2 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules

12.E.1.11 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters

12.E.1.12 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections

12.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell

12.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell

12.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell

12.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell

Step 13: Discovery for Lateral Movement

13.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell

13.B.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell

13.B.2 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell

13.C.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 14: Privilege Escalation

14.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Bypass User Account Control, Commonly Used Port, Remote File Copy, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded and executed a new Empire stager (wdbypass)

Step 15: Credential Access

15.A.1 Discovery

Application Window Discovery, Input Capture

i. Empire: Built-in keylogging module executed to capture keystrokes of user Bob

15.B.1 Credential Access

Credentials in Files

i. Empire: 'get-content' via PowerShell to collect sensitive file (it_tasks.txt) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 16: Lateral Movement

16.A.1 Credential Access

Brute Force, Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to brute force password spraying authentication attempts to Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6) targeting credentials of users Kmitnick, Bob, and Frieda

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts, Brute Force

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick

16.C.1 Defense Evasion

Network Share Connection Removal

i. Empire: 'net use /delete' via PowerShell

16.D.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts

i. Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin shares on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

16.E.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

16.F.1 Execution

Command-Line Interface

i. Empire: Built-in runas module executed to launch malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) as user Kmitnick

16.G.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in move capability executed to write malicious VBScript (update.vbs) to disk on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.H.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.I.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

New Service, Masquerading

i. Empire: 'sc create' via PowerShell to remotely create a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.J.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.K.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.L.1 Execution

Service Execution

i. Empire: 'sc start' via PowerShell to remotely launch a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

Step 17: Persistence

17.A.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery, Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services

17.B.1 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'takeown' via PowerShell to obtain ownership of magnify.exe

17.B.2 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'icacls' via PowerShell to modify the DACL for magnify.exe

17.C.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell to overwrite magnify.exe with cmd.exe

Step 18: Collection

18.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

18.B.1 Collection

Data Staged, Data from Network Shared Drive

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell staged a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5) in the Recycle Bin (C:\$Recycle.Bin) on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

Step 19: Exfiltration

19.A.1 Defense Evasion

Masquerading, Remote File Copy

i. Empire: File dropped to disk is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary

19.B.1 Exfiltration

Data Compressed, Data Encrypted, Masquerading

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created compressed archive (old.rar) of previously collected file

19.C.1 Exfiltration

Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol

i. Empire: Sequence of 'echo' commands via PowerShell to populate commands in text file (ftp.txt), which is then executed by FTP to exfil data through network connection separate of existing C2 channel

19.D.1 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del C:\"$"Recycle.bin\old.rar'

19.D.2 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del recycler.exe'

Step 20: Execution of Persistence

20.A.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features, Remote Desktop Protocol

i. magnifer.exe previously overwritten by cmd.exe launched through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)

20.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)