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Tactic Results: Discovery Tactic Page Information

The ATT&CK tactic page displays all tested techniques belonging to that tactic, as well as all procedures and their respective detections. The procedures are grouped by their technique. The Procedure column contains a description of how the technique was tested. The Step column is where in the operational flow the procedure occurred. Click the Step Number to view it in the Operational Flow panel. Detections are classified by one or more Detection Types, summarized by the Detection Notes, and may be supported by Screenshots. The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

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Vendor Configuration      All Results     JSON     Legend
Legend
Main Detection Categories: Detection Modifiers:

None

Telemetry

Indicator of Compromise

General Behavior

Specific Behavior

Enrichment

Tainted

Delayed

Configuration Change
Technique
Procedures Step
Detection Type Detection Notes
Screenshots
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd
2.A.1
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing ipconfig) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched ipconfig.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running ipconfig) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing ipconfig)
Enrichment of ipconfig.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running ipconfig) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd
2.A.2
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched arp.exe indicating its usage can be a sign of reconnaissance.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running arp) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (cmd.exe).
Enrichment of arp.exe indicating its usage can be a sign of reconnaissance
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running arp) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (cmd.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd
4.B.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing netsh.exe with command-line arguments.
Telemetry showing netsh.exe with command-line arguments
Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell
12.A.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched route.exe indicating that it could be used to print the routing table as part of reconnaissance.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing route.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (route) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Enrichment of route.exe indicating that it could be used to print the routing table as part of reconnaissance
Telemetry showing route.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (route) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell
12.A.2
Enrichment
  
The capability identified powershell.exe executing ipconfig.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (ipconfig) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing ipconfig.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration
Telemetry showing ipconfig.exe with command line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (ipconfig) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters
12.E.1.11
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of network adapters.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched powershell.exe making a WMI query with a tag identifying the command as WMI enumerating adapters.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Enrichment of powershell.exe making a WMI query with a tag identifying the command as WMI enumerating adapters
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables
2.B.1
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing the echo command) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing the echo command.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running echo) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing the echo command)
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing the echo command
A General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running echo) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell
12.B.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched powershell.exe executing whoami.exe indicating a sign of reconnaissance before privilege escalation.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing whoami.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (whoami) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing whoami.exe indicating a sign of reconnaissance before privilege escalation
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing whoami.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (whoami) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information
12.E.1.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of user information.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)
20.B.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed whoami.exe was executed from magnify.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched whoami.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (whoami) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (magnify.exe).
Telemetry showing the execution of whoami
Enrichment of whoami.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (whoami) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (magnify.exe)
Process Discovery
(T1057)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
2.C.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd
2.C.2
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing tasklist) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tasklist.exe along with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running tasklist) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (cmd.exe).
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing tasklist)
Telemetry showing tasklist.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running tasklist) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (cmd.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
3.B.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
8.B.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell
12.C.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched qprocess.exe as listing running processes and possibly a sign of reconnaissance.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershelll.exe executing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (qprocess) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Enrichment of qprocess.exe as listing running processes and possibly a sign of reconnaissance
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (qprocess) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd
2.D.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing sc with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running sc) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running sc) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd
2.D.2
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing the net) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing net)
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell
12.D.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services
12.E.1.8
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of services.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.H.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing sc.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (sc) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing sc.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (sc) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.J.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed sc.exe execution with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (sc) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry showing sc.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (sc) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services
17.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed reg.exe with command-line arguments to check if terminal services were enabled.
Telemetry showing reg.exe with command-line arguments
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd
2.E.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched systeminfo.exe indicating it could be used for reconnaissance.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running systeminfo) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
Enrichment of systeminfo.exe indicating it could be used for reconnaissance.
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running systeminfo) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd
2.E.2
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing the net) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe indicating it is commonly used for reconnaissance.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing net)
Enrichment of net.exe indicating it is commonly used for reconnaissance
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information
12.E.1.6.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of system information.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information
12.E.1.6.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of Windows update information.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd
2.F.1
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing the net) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe indicating it is commonly used for reconnaissance.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing net)
Enrichment of net.exe indicating it is commonly used for reconnaissance
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd
2.F.2
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing the net) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe indicating it is commonly used for reconnaissance.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (cmd.exe).
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing net)
Enrichment of net.exe indicating it is commonly used for reconnaissance
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (cmd.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd
2.F.3
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe indicating it is commonly used for reconnaissance.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
Enrichment of net.exe indicating it is commonly used for reconnaissance
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships
12.E.1.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of AD group memberships.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell
12.F.1
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (net.exe) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments
Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell
12.F.2
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (net1.exe) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd
2.G.1
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing the net) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration.
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing net)
Enrichment of net.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration
Cobalt Strike: 'net user George /domain' via cmd
2.G.2
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (cmd.exe).
Enrichment of net.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (cmd.exe)
Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility displayed user account information
7.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed execution of mmc.exe, the Microsoft Management Console, spawning the lusrmgr.msc (Local Users and Groups snap-in), which displays local account information.
Telemetry showing mmc.exe running lursmgr.msc
Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell
12.G.1
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (net.exe) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments
Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell
12.G.2
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (net.exe) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments
Query Registry
(T1012)
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key
2.H.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe indicating that a sensitive registry key was accessed, possibly as part of reconnaissance.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing the reg) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running reg) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
Enrichment of reg.exe indicating that a sensitive registry key was accessed, possibly as part of reconnaissance
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing reg)
Telemetry showing reg.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running reg) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
6.A.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe identifying that a sensitive Registry key was accessed which could be used for recon.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg with command-line arguments.
Enrichment of reg.exe identifying that a sensitive Registry key was accessed which could be used for recon
Telemetry showing reg.exe with command-line arguments
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query
12.E.1.7
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of system information via a Registry query.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
13.C.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe indicating that a sensitive registry key was accessed for potential reconnaissance.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments
Enrichment of reg.exe indicating that a sensitive registry key was accessed for potential reconnaissance
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
17.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed reg.exe with command-line arguments.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe indicating that a sensitive registry key was accessed for potential reconnaissance.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (reg) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry showing reg.exe with command-line arguments
Enrichment of reg.exe indicating that a sensitive registry key was accessed for potential reconnaissance
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (reg) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe indicating that it was run with commands commonly used for reconnaissance.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
Enrichment of net.exe indicating that it was run with commands commonly used for reconnaissance
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.2
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe indicating that it was run with commands commonly used for reconnaissance.
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
Enrichment of net.exe indicating that it was run with commands commonly used for reconnaissance
Telemetry showing net.exe with command-line arguments
Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell
13.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd
4.C.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched netstat.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration.
Enrichment of netstat.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections
12.E.1.12
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of established network connections.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell
13.B.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (net) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell
13.B.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing netstat.exe with command-line arguments.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (netstat) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing netstat.exe with command-line arguments
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (netstat) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (powershell.exe)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd
8.A.1
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing dir) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing the dir command indicating that the parameter was a directory listing of a network drive associated with potential reconnaissance.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running dir) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing dir)
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing the dir command indicating that the parameter was a directory listing of a network drive associated with potential reconnaissance.
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running dir) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd
8.A.2
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing tree) which was identified as extremely rare and suspicious.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing the tree command with a tag identifying the command as enumeration.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running tree) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe).
General Behavior alert for rundll32.exe launching cmd.exe (executing tree)
Enrichment of tree.exe with a tag identifying the command as enumeration
General Behavior alert showing that a spawned process (cmd.exe running tree) has been tagged for monitoring because its parent process has a detection (rundll32.exe)
Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
9.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files
12.E.1.4.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of recently opened files.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files
12.E.1.4.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of interesting files.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.K.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing the type command with command-line arguments.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing the type command with command-line arguments
Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
18.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing the Get-ChildItem command.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing the Get-ChildItem command
Application Window Discovery
(T1010)
Cobalt Strike: Keylogging capability included residual enumeration of application windows
8.C.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: Built-in keylogging module included residual enumeration of application windows
15.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing the GetForegroundWindow method.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing the GetForegroundWindow method
Password Policy Discovery
(T1201)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information
12.E.1.3
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of password policy information.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Network Share Discovery
(T1135)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares
12.E.1.9.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of available shares.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives
12.E.1.9.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of mapped network drives.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Security Software Discovery
(T1063)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions
12.E.1.10.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of AV solutions.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules
12.E.1.10.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function, which includes enumeration of firewall rules.
Telemetry showing the full contents of the executed Invoke-WinEnum PowerShell function







Operational Flow The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

Step 1: Initial Compromise

1.A.1 Execution

User Execution, Rundll32, Scripting

i. Legitimate user Debbie clicked and executed malicious self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) on 10.0.1.6 (Nimda)

1.B.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) moved a separate batch file (autoupdate.bat) to the Startup folder

1.C.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Data Encoding, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established

Step 2: Initial Discover

2.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd

2.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd

2.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables

2.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

2.C.2 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd

2.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd

2.D.2 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd

2.E.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd

2.E.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd

2.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd

2.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd

2.F.3 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd

2.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd

2.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user george /domain' via cmd

2.H.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 3: Privilege Escalation

3.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation, Bypass User Account Control

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to elevate process integrity level

3.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

3.C.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in process injection capability executed to inject callback into cmd.exe

Step 4: Discovery for Lateral Movement

4.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd

4.A.2 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd

4.B.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd

4.C.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd

Step 5: Credential Access

5.A.1 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in Mimikatz credential dump capability executed

5.A.2 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in hash dump capability executed

5.B.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in token theft capability executed to change user context to George

Step 6: Lateral Movement

6.A.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

6.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Multiband Communication, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified

6.C.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to proxy RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 7: Persistence

7.A.1 Persistence

Create Account, Graphical User Interface, Account Discovery

i. Added user Jesse to Conficker (10.0.0.5) through RDP connection

7.B.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in upload capability executed to write a DLL payload (updater.dll) to disk on Nimda (10.0.1.6)

7.C.1 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Cobalt Strike: 'schtasks' via cmd to create scheduled task that executes a DLL payload (updater.dll)

Step 8: Collection

8.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd

8.A.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd

8.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

8.C.1 Collection, Credential Access

Input Capture, Application Window Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in keylogging capability executed to capture keystrokes of user Debbie

8.D.1 Collection

Screen Capture, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in screen capture capability executed to capture screenshot of current window of user Debbie

Step 9: Exfiltration

9.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

9.B.1 Collection

Data from Network Shared Drive, Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in download capability executed to a collect file (Shockwave_rackb_diagram.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 10: Execution of Persistence

10.A.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Batch file (autoupdate.bat) previously written to Startup folder executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32

10.A.2 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Scheduled task executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (updater.dll) using Rundll32

10.B.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol, Valid Accounts

i. RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5) authenticated using previously added user Jesse

Step 11: Initial Access

11.A.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Legitimate user Bob clicked and executed malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed)

11.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Standard Application Layer Protocol, Standard Cryptographic Protocol

i. Empire: C2 channel established

Step 12: Initial Discover

12.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell

12.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell

12.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell

12.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell

12.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell

12.E.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Empire: Built-in WinEnum module executed to programmatically execute a series of enumeration techniques

12.E.1.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information

12.E.1.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships

12.E.1.3 Discovery

Password Policy Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information

12.E.1.4.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files

12.E.1.4.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files

12.E.1.5 Collection

Clipboard Data

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of clipboard contents

12.E.1.6.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information

12.E.1.6.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information

12.E.1.7 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query

12.E.1.8 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services

12.E.1.9.1 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares

12.E.1.9.2 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives

12.E.1.10.1 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions

12.E.1.10.2 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules

12.E.1.11 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters

12.E.1.12 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections

12.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell

12.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell

12.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell

12.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell

Step 13: Discovery for Lateral Movement

13.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell

13.B.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell

13.B.2 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell

13.C.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 14: Privilege Escalation

14.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Bypass User Account Control, Commonly Used Port, Remote File Copy, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded and executed a new Empire stager (wdbypass)

Step 15: Credential Access

15.A.1 Discovery

Application Window Discovery, Input Capture

i. Empire: Built-in keylogging module executed to capture keystrokes of user Bob

15.B.1 Credential Access

Credentials in Files

i. Empire: 'get-content' via PowerShell to collect sensitive file (it_tasks.txt) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 16: Lateral Movement

16.A.1 Credential Access

Brute Force, Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to brute force password spraying authentication attempts to Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6) targeting credentials of users Kmitnick, Bob, and Frieda

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts, Brute Force

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick

16.C.1 Defense Evasion

Network Share Connection Removal

i. Empire: 'net use /delete' via PowerShell

16.D.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts

i. Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin shares on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

16.E.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

16.F.1 Execution

Command-Line Interface

i. Empire: Built-in runas module executed to launch malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) as user Kmitnick

16.G.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in move capability executed to write malicious VBScript (update.vbs) to disk on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.H.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.I.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

New Service, Masquerading

i. Empire: 'sc create' via PowerShell to remotely create a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.J.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.K.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.L.1 Execution

Service Execution

i. Empire: 'sc start' via PowerShell to remotely launch a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

Step 17: Persistence

17.A.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery, Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services

17.B.1 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'takeown' via PowerShell to obtain ownership of magnify.exe

17.B.2 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'icacls' via PowerShell to modify the DACL for magnify.exe

17.C.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell to overwrite magnify.exe with cmd.exe

Step 18: Collection

18.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

18.B.1 Collection

Data Staged, Data from Network Shared Drive

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell staged a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5) in the Recycle Bin (C:\$Recycle.Bin) on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

Step 19: Exfiltration

19.A.1 Defense Evasion

Masquerading, Remote File Copy

i. Empire: File dropped to disk is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary

19.B.1 Exfiltration

Data Compressed, Data Encrypted, Masquerading

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created compressed archive (old.rar) of previously collected file

19.C.1 Exfiltration

Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol

i. Empire: Sequence of 'echo' commands via PowerShell to populate commands in text file (ftp.txt), which is then executed by FTP to exfil data through network connection separate of existing C2 channel

19.D.1 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del C:\"$"Recycle.bin\old.rar'

19.D.2 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del recycler.exe'

Step 20: Execution of Persistence

20.A.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features, Remote Desktop Protocol

i. magnifer.exe previously overwritten by cmd.exe launched through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)

20.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)