Home  >  Results  >  McAfee  >  Procedures: Tactics
MVISION
McAfee
Tags:    

Tactic Results: Discovery Tactic Page Information

The ATT&CK tactic page displays all tested techniques belonging to that tactic, as well as all procedures and their respective detections. The procedures are grouped by their technique. The Procedure column contains a description of how the technique was tested. The Step column is where in the operational flow the procedure occurred. Click the Step Number to view it in the Operational Flow panel. Detections are classified by one or more Detection Types, summarized by the Detection Notes, and may be supported by Screenshots. The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

MITRE does not assign scores, rankings, or ratings. The evaluation results are available to the public, so other organizations may provide their own analysis and interpretation - these are not endorsed or validated by MITRE.

Vendor Configuration      All Results     JSON     Legend
Legend
Main Detection Categories: Detection Modifiers:

None

Telemetry

Indicator of Compromise

General Behavior

Specific Behavior

Enrichment

Tainted

Delayed

Configuration Change
Technique
Procedures Step
Detection Type Detection Notes
Screenshots
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd
2.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched ipconfig.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the ipconfig utility displayed configuration information.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing ipconfig.exe (tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of ipconfig.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the ipconfig utility displayed configuration information
Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd
2.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing arp.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched the arp.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the contents of the local ARP cache table was viewed.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing arp.exe (tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of arp.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the contents of the local ARP cache table was viewed
Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd
4.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing netsh.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched netsh.exe with the correct Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the netsh utility manipulated firewall rules.
Process tree within trace detection showing cmd.exe executing netsh.exe (tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of netsh.exe with the correct Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the netsh utility manipulated firewall rules
Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell
12.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing route.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched route.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that routing tables were viewed or manipulated.
Telemetry showing route.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of route.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that routing tables were viewed or manipulated
Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell
12.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing ipconfig.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched ipconfig.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery).
Telemetry showing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of ipconfig.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters
12.E.1.11
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables
2.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing the echo command. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe. Though not visible in the image, MITRE confirmed that the relevant command was visible within the trace detection's process tree.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched the cmd.exe echo command with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the command tried to identify the user on the system.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing the echo command
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the echo command (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of echo command with a correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the command tried to identify the user on the system
Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell
12.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing whoami.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched whomai.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Owner / User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the name of the logged user was discovered.
Telemetry showing whoami.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of whoami.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Owner / User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the name of the logged user was discovered
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information
12.E.1.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)
20.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed magnify.exe (original name identified as cmd.exe) executing whoami.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on magnify.exe.
Specific Behavior
  
A Specific Behavior alert was generated for the whoami command was executed through a masqueraded tool (magnify.exe).
Telemetry showing magnify.exe (original name identified as cmd.exe) executing whoami.exe (tainted by a trace detection on magnify.exe)
Specific Behavior alert for the whoami command was executed through a masqueraded tool (magnify.exe)
Process Discovery
(T1057)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
2.C.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd
2.C.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tasklist.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe. Though not visible in the image, MITRE confirmed that the relevant command was visible within the trace detection's process tree.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched tasklist.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the process discovered running Windows services and/or processes.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing tasklist.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of tasklist.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the process discovered running Windows services and/or processes
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
3.B.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
8.B.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell
12.C.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing qprocess.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched qprocess.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (Process Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that QPROCESS was used to check active processes.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched qprocess.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that software running on a system was queried.
Telemetry showing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of qprocess.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (Process Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that QPROCESS was used to check active processes
Enrichment of qprocess.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that software running on a system was queried
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd
2.D.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing sc.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe. Though not visible in the image, MITRE confirmed that the relevant command was visible within the trace detection's process tree.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched sc.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that a Windows service was manipulated via sc.exe/net.exe tool.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the sc.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of sc.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that a Windows service was manipulated via sc.exe/net.exe tool
Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd
2.D.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that Windows service was manipulated via sc.exe/net.exe tool.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that Windows service was manipulated via sc.exe/net.exe tool
Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell
12.D.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that Windows services were manipulated via sc.exe/net.exe.
General Behavior
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for net or sc command executed through PowerShell. The alert was tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery).
Telemetry showing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that Windows services were manipulated via sc.exe/net.exe
General Behavior alert was generated for net or sc command executed through PowerShell, tagged with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services
12.E.1.8
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.H.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing sc.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched sc.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that a Windows service was manipulated via sc.exe/net.exe tool.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing sc.exe (tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that Windows service was manipulated via sc.exe/net.exe tool
Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.J.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing sc.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched sc.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the configuration of a system service was queried.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing sc.exe (tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the configuration of a system service was queried.
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services
17.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed reg.exe executing with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent cmd.exe alert.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched the powershell.exe that executed reg.exe with the ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that PowerShell queried terminal services Registry.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that Registry was queried for remote services RDP.
Telemetry of reg.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Enrichment of powershell.exe that executed reg.exe with the ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that PowerShell queried terminal services Registry
Enrichment of reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Service Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that Registry was queried for remote services RDP
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd
2.E.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing systeminfo.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe. Though not visible in the image, MITRE confirmed that the relevant command was visible within the trace detection's process tree.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched systeminfo.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Information Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that system configuration info was queried.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the systeminfo.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of systeminfo.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Information Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that system configuration info was queried
Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd
2.E.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Information Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that system configuration info was queried.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Information Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that system configuration info was queried
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information
12.E.1.6.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information
12.E.1.6.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd
2.F.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that information of users/groups was obtained.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that information of users/groups was obtained
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd
2.F.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that information of users/groups was obtained.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that information of users/groups was obtained
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd
2.F.3
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Techniques (Permission Groups Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that information of users/groups was obtained.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of net group with a correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Permission Group Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that a net utility was used to gather information of user groups
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships
12.E.1.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell
12.F.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Permissions Group Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility was used to obtain information of domain admins.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Permissions Group Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility was used to obtain information of user groups.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Permissions Group Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility was used to obtain information of domain admins
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Permissions Group Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility was used to obtain information of user groups
Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell
12.F.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Permissions Group Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility was used to obtain information of user groups.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Permissions Group Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility was used to obtain information of user groups
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd
2.G.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that information of users/groups was obtained.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that information of users/groups was obtained
Cobalt Strike: 'net user George /domain' via cmd
2.G.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that information of users/groups was obtained.
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that information of users/groups was obtained
Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility displayed user account information
7.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed mmc.exe, the Microsoft Management Console, executing the lusrmgr.msc (Local Users and Groups snap-in) which displays local account information.
Telemetry showing lusrmgr.msc running from mmc.exe
Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell
12.G.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility was used to obtain information of user groups.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and a related Technique (System Owner/User Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility was used to obtain information of user groups
Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell
12.G.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery).
Query Registry
(T1012)
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key
2.H.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on Resume Viewer.exe. Though not visible in the image, MITRE confirmed that the relevant command was visible within the trace detection's process tree.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Query Registry) and a suspicious indicator that the Registry was queried via execution of the reg.exe utility.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery).
Process tree within trace detection containing cmd.exe executing the reg.exe (tainted by a parent alert on Resume Viewer.exe)
Enrichment of reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Query Registry) and a suspicious indicator that the Registry was queried via execution of the reg.exe utility
Enrichment of reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery).
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
6.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Query Registry) and a suspicious indicator that the Registry was queried via execution of the reg.exe utility.
General Behavior (Delayed)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated indicating that reg.exe command-line arguments contains signs of malicious usage such as encoded content or interacting with Registry keys.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing reg.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Query Registry) and a suspicious indicator that the Registry was queried via execution of the reg.exe utility
General Behavior alert indicating that reg.exe command-line arguments contains signs of malicious usage
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query
12.E.1.7
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
13.C.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing reg.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Query Registry) and a suspicious indicator that reg.exe utility queried the Registry.
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing reg.exe (tainted by parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Query Registry) and a suspicious indicator that reg.exe utility queried the Registry
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
17.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing reg.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Query Registry) and a suspicious indicator that the reg.exe utility queried the Registry.
Telemetry of reg.exe executing with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent PowerShell alert)
Enrichment of reg.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Query Registry) and a suspicious indicator that the reg.exe utility queried the Registry
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Remote System Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility obtained information about domain computers and controllers.
Process tree within trace detection showing cmd.exe executing net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Remote System Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility obtained information about domain computers and controllers
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Remote System Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility obtained information about domain computers and controllers.
Process tree within trace detection showing cmd.exe executing net.exe (tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Remote System Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility obtained information about domain computers and controllers
Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell
13.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Remote System Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility obtained information of domain computers and controllers.
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe (tainted by parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (Remote System Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the net utility obtained information of domain computers and controllers
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd
4.C.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing netstat.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched netstat.exe with the correct Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Connections Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that network statistics and TCP/IP connections were gathered.
Process tree within trace detection showing cmd.exe executing netstat.exe (tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of netstat.exe with the correct Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Connections Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that network statistics and TCP/IP connections were gathered
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections
12.E.1.12
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing netstat.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing netstat.exe (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell
13.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe (tainted by parent alert on wscript.exe)
Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell
13.B.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing netstat.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched netstat.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Connections Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the network protocol statistics were gathered.
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing netstat.exe (tainted by parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of nestat.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (System Network Connections Discovery) and a suspicious indicator that the network protocol statistics were gathered
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd
8.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing the dir command. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing the dir command with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (File and Directory Discovery).
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing the dir command (tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing the dir command with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (File and Directory Discovery)
Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd
8.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tree.exe. The telemetry was tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing the tree.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (File and Directory Discovery).
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing tree.exe (tainted by a trace detection on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of tree.exe with the correct ATT&CK Tactic (Discovery) and Technique (File and Directory Discovery)
Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
9.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files
12.E.1.4.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files
12.E.1.4.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.K.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
18.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Application Window Discovery
(T1010)
Cobalt Strike: Keylogging capability included residual enumeration of application windows
8.C.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: Built-in keylogging module included residual enumeration of application windows
15.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Password Policy Discovery
(T1201)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information
12.E.1.3
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Network Share Discovery
(T1135)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares
12.E.1.9.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives
12.E.1.9.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Security Software Discovery
(T1063)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions
12.E.1.10.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules
12.E.1.10.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.







Operational Flow The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

Step 1: Initial Compromise

1.A.1 Execution

User Execution, Rundll32, Scripting

i. Legitimate user Debbie clicked and executed malicious self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) on 10.0.1.6 (Nimda)

1.B.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) moved a separate batch file (autoupdate.bat) to the Startup folder

1.C.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Data Encoding, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established

Step 2: Initial Discover

2.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd

2.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd

2.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables

2.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

2.C.2 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd

2.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd

2.D.2 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd

2.E.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd

2.E.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd

2.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd

2.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd

2.F.3 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd

2.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd

2.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user george /domain' via cmd

2.H.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 3: Privilege Escalation

3.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation, Bypass User Account Control

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to elevate process integrity level

3.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

3.C.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in process injection capability executed to inject callback into cmd.exe

Step 4: Discovery for Lateral Movement

4.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd

4.A.2 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd

4.B.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd

4.C.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd

Step 5: Credential Access

5.A.1 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in Mimikatz credential dump capability executed

5.A.2 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in hash dump capability executed

5.B.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in token theft capability executed to change user context to George

Step 6: Lateral Movement

6.A.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

6.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Multiband Communication, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified

6.C.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to proxy RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 7: Persistence

7.A.1 Persistence

Create Account, Graphical User Interface, Account Discovery

i. Added user Jesse to Conficker (10.0.0.5) through RDP connection

7.B.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in upload capability executed to write a DLL payload (updater.dll) to disk on Nimda (10.0.1.6)

7.C.1 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Cobalt Strike: 'schtasks' via cmd to create scheduled task that executes a DLL payload (updater.dll)

Step 8: Collection

8.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd

8.A.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd

8.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

8.C.1 Collection, Credential Access

Input Capture, Application Window Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in keylogging capability executed to capture keystrokes of user Debbie

8.D.1 Collection

Screen Capture, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in screen capture capability executed to capture screenshot of current window of user Debbie

Step 9: Exfiltration

9.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

9.B.1 Collection

Data from Network Shared Drive, Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in download capability executed to a collect file (Shockwave_rackb_diagram.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 10: Execution of Persistence

10.A.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Batch file (autoupdate.bat) previously written to Startup folder executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32

10.A.2 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Scheduled task executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (updater.dll) using Rundll32

10.B.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol, Valid Accounts

i. RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5) authenticated using previously added user Jesse

Step 11: Initial Access

11.A.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Legitimate user Bob clicked and executed malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed)

11.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Standard Application Layer Protocol, Standard Cryptographic Protocol

i. Empire: C2 channel established

Step 12: Initial Discover

12.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell

12.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell

12.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell

12.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell

12.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell

12.E.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Empire: Built-in WinEnum module executed to programmatically execute a series of enumeration techniques

12.E.1.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information

12.E.1.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships

12.E.1.3 Discovery

Password Policy Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information

12.E.1.4.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files

12.E.1.4.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files

12.E.1.5 Collection

Clipboard Data

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of clipboard contents

12.E.1.6.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information

12.E.1.6.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information

12.E.1.7 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query

12.E.1.8 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services

12.E.1.9.1 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares

12.E.1.9.2 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives

12.E.1.10.1 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions

12.E.1.10.2 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules

12.E.1.11 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters

12.E.1.12 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections

12.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell

12.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell

12.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell

12.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell

Step 13: Discovery for Lateral Movement

13.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell

13.B.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell

13.B.2 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell

13.C.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 14: Privilege Escalation

14.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Bypass User Account Control, Commonly Used Port, Remote File Copy, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded and executed a new Empire stager (wdbypass)

Step 15: Credential Access

15.A.1 Discovery

Application Window Discovery, Input Capture

i. Empire: Built-in keylogging module executed to capture keystrokes of user Bob

15.B.1 Credential Access

Credentials in Files

i. Empire: 'get-content' via PowerShell to collect sensitive file (it_tasks.txt) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 16: Lateral Movement

16.A.1 Credential Access

Brute Force, Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to brute force password spraying authentication attempts to Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6) targeting credentials of users Kmitnick, Bob, and Frieda

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts, Brute Force

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick

16.C.1 Defense Evasion

Network Share Connection Removal

i. Empire: 'net use /delete' via PowerShell

16.D.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts

i. Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin shares on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

16.E.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

16.F.1 Execution

Command-Line Interface

i. Empire: Built-in runas module executed to launch malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) as user Kmitnick

16.G.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in move capability executed to write malicious VBScript (update.vbs) to disk on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.H.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.I.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

New Service, Masquerading

i. Empire: 'sc create' via PowerShell to remotely create a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.J.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.K.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.L.1 Execution

Service Execution

i. Empire: 'sc start' via PowerShell to remotely launch a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

Step 17: Persistence

17.A.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery, Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services

17.B.1 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'takeown' via PowerShell to obtain ownership of magnify.exe

17.B.2 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'icacls' via PowerShell to modify the DACL for magnify.exe

17.C.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell to overwrite magnify.exe with cmd.exe

Step 18: Collection

18.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

18.B.1 Collection

Data Staged, Data from Network Shared Drive

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell staged a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5) in the Recycle Bin (C:\$Recycle.Bin) on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

Step 19: Exfiltration

19.A.1 Defense Evasion

Masquerading, Remote File Copy

i. Empire: File dropped to disk is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary

19.B.1 Exfiltration

Data Compressed, Data Encrypted, Masquerading

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created compressed archive (old.rar) of previously collected file

19.C.1 Exfiltration

Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol

i. Empire: Sequence of 'echo' commands via PowerShell to populate commands in text file (ftp.txt), which is then executed by FTP to exfil data through network connection separate of existing C2 channel

19.D.1 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del C:\"$"Recycle.bin\old.rar'

19.D.2 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del recycler.exe'

Step 20: Execution of Persistence

20.A.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features, Remote Desktop Protocol

i. magnifer.exe previously overwritten by cmd.exe launched through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)

20.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)