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Tactic Results: Discovery Tactic Page Information

The ATT&CK tactic page displays all tested techniques belonging to that tactic, as well as all procedures and their respective detections. The procedures are grouped by their technique. The Procedure column contains a description of how the technique was tested. The Step column is where in the operational flow the procedure occurred. Click the Step Number to view it in the Operational Flow panel. Detections are classified by one or more Detection Types, summarized by the Detection Notes, and may be supported by Screenshots. The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

MITRE does not assign scores, rankings, or ratings. The evaluation results are available to the public, so other organizations may provide their own analysis and interpretation - these are not endorsed or validated by MITRE.

Vendor Configuration      All Results     JSON     Legend
Legend
Main Detection Categories: Detection Modifiers:

None

Telemetry

Indicator of Compromise

General Behavior

Specific Behavior

Enrichment

Tainted

Delayed

Configuration Change
Technique
Procedures Step
Detection Type Detection Notes
Screenshots
System Network Configuration Discovery
(T1016)
Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd
2.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing ipconfig with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched ipconfig.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery).
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of ipconfig.exe as the execution of an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for a commonly abused process (cmd.exe) spawning out of rundll32.exe. The alert was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing ipconfig with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of ipconfig.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery)
Enrichment of the execution of ipconfig.exe as the execution of an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
General Behavior alert for a commonly abused process (cmd.exe) spawning out of rundll32.exe (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd
2.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing arp with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched arp.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery).
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of arp.exe as possible reconnaissance as well as the execution of an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing arp with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of arp.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery)
Enrichment the execution of arp.exe as possible reconnaissance (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of the execution of arp.exe as the execution of an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd
4.B.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing netsh with command-line arguments.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched netsh.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery).
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing netsh with command-line arguments
Enrichment of netsh.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery)
Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell
12.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing route.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched route.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing route.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of route.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery)
Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell
12.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched ipconfig.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing ipconfig.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of ipconfig.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Configuration Discovery)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters
12.E.1.11
Indicator of Compromise
  
An Indicator of Compromise alert was generated identifying suspicious PowerShell strings as Empire NetInfo.
Indicator of Compromise alert identifying suspicious PowerShell strings as Empire NetInfo
System Owner/User Discovery
(T1033)
Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables
2.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing echo with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing echo with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Owner / User Discovery).
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing echo with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing echo with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Owner / User Discovery)
Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell
12.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing whoami.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing whoami.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information
12.E.1.1
Indicator of Compromise
  
An Indicator of Compromise alert was generated identifying suspicious PowerShell strings as Empire UserInfo.
Indicator of Compromise alert identifying suspicious PowerShell strings as Empire UserInfo
Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)
20.B.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed magnify.exe executing whoami.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched whoami.exe executing as an enumeration command.
Telemetry showing magnify.exe executing whoami.exe
Enrichment of whoami.exe executing as an enumeration command
Process Discovery
(T1057)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
2.C.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of a specific API call as process enumeration and suspicious activity. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine. The process tree showing taintedness is visible within the same UI but did not fit within the current frame.
Enrichment of the execution of a specific API call as process enumeration and suspicious activity (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd
2.C.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tasklist with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched tasklist.exe executing with a related ATT&CK Technique (System Information Discovery).
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of tasklist.exe as the enumeration of running processes via the command line. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing tasklist with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of tasklist.exe executing with a related ATT&CK Technique (System Information Discovery)
Enrichment of the execution of tasklist.exe as the enumeration of running processes via the command line (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
3.B.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of a specific API call as process enumeration and suspicious activity. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine. The process tree showing taintedness is visible within the same UI but did not fit within the current frame.
Enrichment of the execution of a specific API call as process enumeration and suspicious activity (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs
8.B.1
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of a specific API call as process enumeration and suspicious activity. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine. The process tree showing taintedness is visible within the same UI but did not fit within the current frame.
Enrichment of the execution of a specific API call as process enumeration and suspicious activity (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell
12.C.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of qprocess.exe as the enumeration of running processes via the command line. The data was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched qprocess.exe executing with a related ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing qprocess.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of execution of qprocess.exe as the enumeration of running processes via the command line (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of qprocess.exe executing with a related ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery)
System Service Discovery
(T1007)
Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd
2.D.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing sc with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing sc with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd
2.D.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell
12.D.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched net.exe executing as the execution of an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for net.exe executing as an enumeration command called by a commonly abused causality group owner (CGO, wscipt.exe). The data was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe executing as the execution of an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
General Behavior alert for net.exe executing as a enumeration command called by a commonly abused causality group owner (CGO, wscript.exe) (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services
12.E.1.8
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery).
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery)
Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.H.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing sc with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
General Behavior (Tainted)
  
 
A General Behavior alert was generated for the sc utility be used to perform actions of remote services. The alert was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched sc.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing sc with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
General Behavior alert for the sc utility be used to perform actions of remote services (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of sc.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery)
Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.J.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing sc.exe with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched powershell.exe executing sc.exe as enumeration of services via the command line. The data was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing sc.exe with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing sc.exe as enumeration of services via the command line (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services
17.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing reg with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched reg.exe executing with command-line arguments as the terminal server key queried by the reg utility. The data was tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing reg with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of reg.exe executing with command-line arguments as the terminal server key queried by the reg utility (tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of reg.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery).
System Information Discovery
(T1082)
Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd
2.E.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing systeminfo with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing systeminfo with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Information Discovery).
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of systeminfo.exe as the execution of an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing systeminfo with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing systeminfo with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Information Discovery)
Enrichment of the execution of systeminfo.exe as the execution of an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd
2.E.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing net with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Information Discovery).
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing net with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Information Discovery)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information
12.E.1.6.1
Indicator of Compromise
  
An Indicator of Compromise alert was generated identifying suspicious PowerShell strings as Empire SysImfo.
Indicator of Compromise alert identifying suspicious PowerShell strings as Empire SysInfo
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information
12.E.1.6.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Permission Groups Discovery
(T1069)
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd
2.F.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery).
Enrichment of net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery)
Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd
2.F.2
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery).
Enrichment of net.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd
2.F.3
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe and net1.exe as the possible enumeration of administrator groups. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command as well as the execution of net1.exe as the execution of an enumeration command using net or net1. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the possible enumeration of administrator groups (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of the execution of net1.exe as the possible enumeration of administrator groups (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command using net or net1 (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships
12.E.1.2
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell
12.F.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe and net1.exe as the possible enumeration of administrator groups. The data was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe and net1.exe as an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe and net1.exe as the possible enumeration of administrator groups (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe and net1.exe as an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery)
Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell
12.F.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe and net1.exe as the possible enumeration of administrator groups. The data was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe and net1.exe as the possible enumeration of administrator groups (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Permission Groups Discovery)
Account Discovery
(T1087)
Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd
2.G.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Cobalt Strike: 'net user George /domain' via cmd
2.G.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net1.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery).
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of net1.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Microsoft Management Console (Local Users and Groups snap-in) GUI utility displayed user account information
7.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed mmc.exe, the Microsoft Management Console, executing the GUI-based lusrmgr.msc (Local Users and Groups snap-in).
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched mmc.exe, the Microsoft Management Console, executing the GUI-based lusrmgr.msc (Local Users and Groups snap-in) as reconnaissance via the MMC utility with local users and groups view.
Telemetry showing lusrmgr.msc running from mmc.exe
Enrichment of mmc.exe as reconnaissance via the MMC utility with local users and groups view
Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell
12.G.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery)
Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell
12.G.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched net.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of net.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Account Discovery)
Query Registry
(T1012)
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key
2.H.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Query Registry).
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing reg with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of reg.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Query Registry)
Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
6.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing reg with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent process injection alert on cmd.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of reg.exe as querying a remote key. The data was tainted by a parent process injection alert on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Query Registry).
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing reg with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent process injection alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of the execution of reg.exe as querying a remote key (tainted by a parent process injection alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of reg.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Query Registry)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query
12.E.1.7
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the enumeration of system information via a Registry query as suspicious. The data was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Indicator of Compromise
  
An Indicator of Compromise alert was generated identifying suspicious PowerShell strings as Empire SysImfo.
Enrichment of the enumeration of system information via a Registry query as suspicious (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Indicator of Compromise alert identifying suspicious PowerShell strings as Empire SysInfo
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
13.C.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing reg with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Query Registry).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing reg with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of reg.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Query Registry)
Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key
17.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing reg with command-line arguments to check if terminal services were enabled. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched reg.exe executing with command-line arguments as the terminal server key queried by the reg utility. The data was tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched reg.exe executing with command-line arguments with a related ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery).
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing reg with command-line arguments to check if terminal services were enabled. (tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of reg.exe executing with command-line arguments as the terminal server key queried by the reg utility (tainted by a parent alert on cmd.exe)
Enrichment of reg.exe executing with command-line arguments with a related ATT&CK Technique (System Service Discovery).
Remote System Discovery
(T1018)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command using net or net1.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing net with a related ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery).
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command using net or net1
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing net with a related ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery)
Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd
4.A.2
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command using net or net1.
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing net with command-line arguments
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe as the execution of an enumeration command using net or net1
Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell
13.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched the execution of net.exe and net1.exe as an enumeration command. The data was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Enrichment of the execution of net.exe and net1.exe as an enumeration command (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
System Network Connections Discovery
(T1049)
Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd
4.C.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing netsh with command-line arguments.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched netstat.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery).
Telemetry showing cmd.exe executing netstat with command-line arguments
Enrichment of netstat.exe executing with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections
12.E.1.12
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery).
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (System Network Connections Discovery)
Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell
13.B.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing net with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell
13.B.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed powershell.exe executing netstat with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe.
Telemetry showing powershell.exe executing netstat with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
File and Directory Discovery
(T1083)
Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd
8.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing dir with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment (Tainted)
  
 
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing dir with command-line arguments as the execution of the dir command on a network location. The data was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
A General Behavior alert was generated for a commonly abused process (cmd.exe) spawning out of rundll32.exe. The alert was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing dir with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of cmd executing dir with command-line arguments as the execution of the dir command on a network location (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing dir with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (File and Directory Discovery)
Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd
8.A.2
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tree with command-line arguments. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine.
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched cmd.exe executing tree with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (File and Directory Discovery).
Telemetry showed cmd.exe executing tree with command-line arguments (tainted by a parent alert related to Resume Viewer.exe and suspicious execution of the Windows Scripting Engine)
Enrichment of cmd.exe executing tree with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (File and Directory Discovery)
Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
9.A.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure. Vendor stated that more information would be available if their firewall appliance was installed and activated.
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files
12.E.1.4.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments as suspicious and the correct ATT&CK Technique (File and Directory Discovery).
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments as suspicious and the correct ATT&CK Technique (File and Directory Discovery)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files
12.E.1.4.2
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments as suspicious and the correct ATT&CK Technique (File and Directory Discovery).
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments as suspicious and the correct ATT&CK Technique (File and Directory Discovery)
Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)
16.K.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed a file read event for update.vbs. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe The process tree showing taintedness is visible within the same UI but did not fit within the current frame.
Telemetry showing a file read event for update.vbs (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)
18.A.1
Telemetry (Tainted)
  
 
Telemetry showed an event with the execution of the Get-ChildItem command. The telemetry was tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe. The process tree showing taintedness is visible within the same UI but did not fit within the current frame.
Telemetry showing an event with the execution of the Get-ChildItem command (tainted by a parent alert on wscript.exe)
Application Window Discovery
(T1010)
Cobalt Strike: Keylogging capability included residual enumeration of application windows
8.C.1
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Empire: Built-in keylogging module included residual enumeration of application windows
15.A.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed the decoded PowerShell script, which includes the API call GetForegroundWindow to enumerate the active window.
Indicator of Compromise
  
An Indicator of Compromise alert was generated identifying a PowerShell Empire script logging keys pressed, time, and the active window.
Telemetry showing decoded PowerShell script containing the API call GetForegroundWindow
Indicator of Compromise alert identifying a PowerShell Empire script logging keys pressed, time, and the active window
Password Policy Discovery
(T1201)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information
12.E.1.3
None
  
No detection capability demonstrated for this procedure.
Network Share Discovery
(T1135)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares
12.E.1.9.1
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Network Share Discovery).
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Network Share Discovery)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives
12.E.1.9.2
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Network Share Discovery).
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Network Share Discovery)
Security Software Discovery
(T1063)
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions
12.E.1.10.1
Telemetry
  
Telemetry showed an event log for the WMI query of the system AV products.
Telemetry showing an event log for the WMI query of the system AV products
Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules
12.E.1.10.2
Enrichment
  
The capability enriched powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Security Software Discovery).
Enrichment of powershell.exe executing with command-line arguments with the correct ATT&CK Technique (Security Software Discovery)







Operational Flow The Operational Flow panel provides the context around when a procedure was executed by showing all steps of the evaluation, including the tactics, techniques and procedures of the executed steps.

Step 1: Initial Compromise

1.A.1 Execution

User Execution, Rundll32, Scripting

i. Legitimate user Debbie clicked and executed malicious self-extracting archive (Resume Viewer.exe) on 10.0.1.6 (Nimda)

1.B.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Previously executed batch file (pdfhelper.cmd) moved a separate batch file (autoupdate.bat) to the Startup folder

1.C.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Data Encoding, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel established

Step 2: Initial Discover

2.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ipconfig /all' via cmd

2.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'arp -a' via cmd

2.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'echo' via cmd to enumerate specific environment variables

2.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

2.C.2 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tasklist /v' via cmd

2.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'sc query' via cmd

2.D.2 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net start' via cmd

2.E.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'systeminfo' via cmd

2.E.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net config workstation' via cmd

2.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators' via cmd

2.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net localgroup administrators /domain' via cmd

2.F.3 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via cmd

2.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user /domain' via cmd

2.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net user george /domain' via cmd

2.H.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 3: Privilege Escalation

3.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation, Bypass User Account Control

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in UAC bypass token duplication capability executed to elevate process integrity level

3.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

3.C.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in process injection capability executed to inject callback into cmd.exe

Step 4: Discovery for Lateral Movement

4.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Controllers" /domain' via cmd

4.A.2 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via cmd

4.B.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netsh advfirewall show allprofiles' via cmd

4.C.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'netstat -ano' via cmd

Step 5: Credential Access

5.A.1 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in Mimikatz credential dump capability executed

5.A.2 Credential Access

Credential Dumping, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in hash dump capability executed

5.B.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Access Token Manipulation

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in token theft capability executed to change user context to George

Step 6: Lateral Movement

6.A.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Cobalt Strike: 'reg query' via cmd to remotely enumerate a specific Registry key on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

6.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Multiband Communication, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified

6.C.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol

i. Cobalt Strike: C2 channel modified to proxy RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 7: Persistence

7.A.1 Persistence

Create Account, Graphical User Interface, Account Discovery

i. Added user Jesse to Conficker (10.0.0.5) through RDP connection

7.B.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in upload capability executed to write a DLL payload (updater.dll) to disk on Nimda (10.0.1.6)

7.C.1 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Cobalt Strike: 'schtasks' via cmd to create scheduled task that executes a DLL payload (updater.dll)

Step 8: Collection

8.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'dir /s /b "\\conficker\wormshare"' via cmd

8.A.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'tree "C:\Users\debbie"' via cmd

8.B.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ps' (Process status) via Win32 APIs

8.C.1 Collection, Credential Access

Input Capture, Application Window Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in keylogging capability executed to capture keystrokes of user Debbie

8.D.1 Collection

Screen Capture, Process Injection

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in screen capture capability executed to capture screenshot of current window of user Debbie

Step 9: Exfiltration

9.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Cobalt Strike: 'ls' (List) via Win32 APIs to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

9.B.1 Collection

Data from Network Shared Drive, Exfiltration Over Command and Control Channel

i. Cobalt Strike: Built-in download capability executed to a collect file (Shockwave_rackb_diagram.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 10: Execution of Persistence

10.A.1 Persistence

Registry Run Keys / Startup Folder

i. Batch file (autoupdate.bat) previously written to Startup folder executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (update.dat) using Rundll32

10.A.2 Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Scheduled Task

i. Scheduled task executed when user Debbie logs on to Nimda (10.0.1.6), launching a DLL payload (updater.dll) using Rundll32

10.B.1 Lateral Movement

Remote Desktop Protocol, Valid Accounts

i. RDP connection to Conficker (10.0.0.5) authenticated using previously added user Jesse

Step 11: Initial Access

11.A.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Legitimate user Bob clicked and executed malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) on 10.0.1.5 (CodeRed)

11.B.1 Command and Control

Commonly Used Port, Standard Application Layer Protocol, Standard Cryptographic Protocol

i. Empire: C2 channel established

Step 12: Initial Discover

12.A.1 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'route print' via PowerShell

12.A.2 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: 'ipconfig /all' via PowerShell

12.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Empire: 'whoami /all /fo list' via PowerShell

12.C.1 Discovery

Process Discovery

i. Empire: 'qprocess *' via PowerShell

12.D.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'net start' via PowerShell

12.E.1 Defense Evasion, Execution

Scripting

i. Empire: Built-in WinEnum module executed to programmatically execute a series of enumeration techniques

12.E.1.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of user information

12.E.1.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AD group memberships

12.E.1.3 Discovery

Password Policy Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of password policy information

12.E.1.4.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of recently opened files

12.E.1.4.2 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of interesting files

12.E.1.5 Collection

Clipboard Data

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of clipboard contents

12.E.1.6.1 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information

12.E.1.6.2 Discovery

System Information Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of Windows update information

12.E.1.7 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of system information via a Registry query

12.E.1.8 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of services

12.E.1.9.1 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of available shares

12.E.1.9.2 Discovery

Network Share Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of mapped network drives

12.E.1.10.1 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of AV solutions

12.E.1.10.2 Discovery

Security Software Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of firewall rules

12.E.1.11 Discovery

System Network Configuration Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of network adapters

12.E.1.12 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: WinEnum module included enumeration of established network connections

12.F.1 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Admins" /domain' via PowerShell

12.F.2 Discovery

Permission Groups Discovery

i. Empire: 'net localgroup administrators' via PowerShell

12.G.1 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user' via PowerShell

12.G.2 Discovery

Account Discovery

i. Empire: 'net user /domain' via PowerShell

Step 13: Discovery for Lateral Movement

13.A.1 Discovery

Remote System Discovery

i. Empire: 'net group "Domain Computers" /domain' via PowerShell

13.B.1 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell

13.B.2 Discovery

System Network Connections Discovery

i. Empire: 'netstat -ano' via PowerShell

13.C.1 Discovery

Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key

Step 14: Privilege Escalation

14.A.1 Defense Evasion, Privilege Escalation

Bypass User Account Control, Commonly Used Port, Remote File Copy, Standard Application Layer Protocol

i. Empire: UAC bypass module downloaded and executed a new Empire stager (wdbypass)

Step 15: Credential Access

15.A.1 Discovery

Application Window Discovery, Input Capture

i. Empire: Built-in keylogging module executed to capture keystrokes of user Bob

15.B.1 Credential Access

Credentials in Files

i. Empire: 'get-content' via PowerShell to collect sensitive file (it_tasks.txt) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

Step 16: Lateral Movement

16.A.1 Credential Access

Brute Force, Windows Admin Shares

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to brute force password spraying authentication attempts to Morris (10.0.1.4) and Nimda (10.0.1.6) targeting credentials of users Kmitnick, Bob, and Frieda

16.B.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts, Brute Force

i. Empire: 'net use' via PowerShell to successfully authenticate to Conficker (10.0.0.5) using credentials of user Kmitnick

16.C.1 Defense Evasion

Network Share Connection Removal

i. Empire: 'net use /delete' via PowerShell

16.D.1 Lateral Movement

Windows Admin Shares, Valid Accounts

i. Empire: Successful authentication targeted Windows admin shares on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

16.E.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in upload module executed to write malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) to disk on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

16.F.1 Execution

Command-Line Interface

i. Empire: Built-in runas module executed to launch malicious VBScript (autoupdate.vbs) as user Kmitnick

16.G.1 Command and Control, Lateral Movement

Remote File Copy

i. Empire: Built-in move capability executed to write malicious VBScript (update.vbs) to disk on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.H.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc query' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate services on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.I.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

New Service, Masquerading

i. Empire: 'sc create' via PowerShell to remotely create a service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.J.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery

i. Empire: 'sc qc' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.K.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'type' via PowerShell to remotely enumerate a specific file (update.vbs) on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

16.L.1 Execution

Service Execution

i. Empire: 'sc start' via PowerShell to remotely launch a specific service on Creeper (10.0.0.4)

Step 17: Persistence

17.A.1 Discovery

System Service Discovery, Query Registry

i. Empire: 'reg query' via PowerShell to enumerate a specific Registry key associated with terminal services

17.B.1 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'takeown' via PowerShell to obtain ownership of magnify.exe

17.B.2 Defense Evasion

File Permissions Modification

i. Empire: 'icacls' via PowerShell to modify the DACL for magnify.exe

17.C.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell to overwrite magnify.exe with cmd.exe

Step 18: Collection

18.A.1 Discovery

File and Directory Discovery

i. Empire: 'Get-ChildItem' via PowerShell to enumerate a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5)

18.B.1 Collection

Data Staged, Data from Network Shared Drive

i. Empire: 'copy' via PowerShell staged a file (Shockwave_network.vsdx) from a network shared drive (Wormshare) on Conficker (10.0.0.5) in the Recycle Bin (C:\$Recycle.Bin) on CodeRed (10.0.1.5)

Step 19: Exfiltration

19.A.1 Defense Evasion

Masquerading, Remote File Copy

i. Empire: File dropped to disk is a renamed copy of the WinRAR binary

19.B.1 Exfiltration

Data Compressed, Data Encrypted, Masquerading

i. Empire: Executed binary (recycler.exe) created compressed archive (old.rar) of previously collected file

19.C.1 Exfiltration

Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol

i. Empire: Sequence of 'echo' commands via PowerShell to populate commands in text file (ftp.txt), which is then executed by FTP to exfil data through network connection separate of existing C2 channel

19.D.1 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del C:\"$"Recycle.bin\old.rar'

19.D.2 Defense Evasion

File Deletion

i. Empire: 'del recycler.exe'

Step 20: Execution of Persistence

20.A.1 Persistence, Privilege Escalation

Accessibility Features, Remote Desktop Protocol

i. magnifer.exe previously overwritten by cmd.exe launched through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)

20.B.1 Discovery

System Owner / User Discovery

i. Executed 'whoami' via cmd persistence mechanism through RDP connection made to Creeper (10.0.0.4)